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Here, we describe the characteristics of a Brassica napus male sterile mutant 7365A with loss of the BnMs3 gene, which exhibits abnormal enlargement of the tapetal cells during meiosis. Later in development, the absence of the BnMs3 gene in the mutant results in a loss of the secretory function of the tapetum, as suggested by abortive callose dissolution(More)
A recessive epistatic genic male sterile two-type line, 7365AB (Bnms3ms3ms4msRrfRf/BnMs3ms3ms4ms4RfRf), combined with the fertile interim-maintainer 7365C (Bnms3ms3ms4ms4rfrf) is an effective pollination control system in hybrid rapeseed production. We report an effective strategy used to fine map BnMs4 and BnRf. The two genes were both defined to a common(More)
Gene duplication followed by functional divergence in the event of polyploidization is a major contributor to evolutionary novelties. The Brassica genus evolved from a common ancestor after whole-genome triplication. Here, we studied the evolutionary and functional features of Brassica spp. homologs to Tic40 (for translocon at the inner membrane of(More)
7365AB, a recessive genetic male sterility system, is controlled by BnMs3 in Brassica napus, which encodes a Tic40 protein required for tapetum development. However, the role of BnMs3 in rapeseed anther development is still largely unclear. In this research, cytological analysis revealed that anther development of a Bnms3 mutant has defects in the(More)
Multienzyme associations localized to specific subcellular sites are involved in several critical functions in cellular metabolism, such as plant survival and reproduction. To date, few multienzyme complexes involved in male fertility have been examined in Brassica napus Here, we reported that in B. napus, the members of a multienzyme complex work in an(More)
Male sterility is an important contributor to heterosis in Brassica napus L. The B. napus line 7-7365ABC is a recessive epistatic genic male sterile (REGMS) three-line system. The 7-7365A line with the genotype Bnms3ms3ms4ms4RfRf is male-sterile, while the 7-7365B line with the genotype BnMs3ms3ms4ms4RfRf is male-fertile, and 7-7365C with homozygous(More)
Both the pollination control system and genetic distance are major factors in the utilization of crop heterosis. The recessive genic male sterile line (RGMS) 7-7365A (Bnms3ms3ms4ms4) has been widely applied to hybrid seed production because it can generate a completely male sterile population by crossing with the 7-7365C temporary line (Bnms3ms3rfrf). In(More)
Tapetal programmed cell death (PCD) is essential in pollen grain development, and cysteine proteases are ubiquitous enzymes participating in plant PCD. Although the major papain-like cysteine proteases (PLCPs) have been investigated, the exact functions of many PLCPs are still poorly understood in PCD. Here, we identified a PLCP gene, BnaC.CP20.1, which was(More)
Chimeric genes contribute to the evolution of diverse functions in plants and animals. However, new chimeric genes also increase the risk of developmental defects. Here, we show that the chimeric gene Brassica napus male sterile 4 (Bnams4b) is responsible for genic male sterility in the widely used canola line 7365A (Bnams3 ms3ms4bms4b). Bnams4b originated(More)
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