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Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that undergo continual fusion and fission to maintain their morphology and functions, but the mechanism involved is still not clear. Here, we investigated the effect of mitochondrial oxidative stress triggered by high-fluence low-power laser irradiation (HF-LPLI) on mitochondrial dynamics in human lung adenocarcinoma(More)
Accumulation of amyloid-β-peptide (Aβ) in the brain is considered as a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Previous studies show that p73 is vital for mediating the pathogenic process of AD. Yes-associated protein (YAP) has been shown to positively regulate p73 in promoting apoptosis induced by anti-cancer agents. However, the functional role(More)
Translocation and localization of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in normal and cancerous cells have significant biomedical implications. In this study, SWNTs functionalized with different biomolecules in cells were observed with confocal laser scanning microscopy. Functionalized with PL-PEG, SWNTs were found to localize exclusively in mitochondria(More)
Antipsychotic drugs exert both therapeutic and adverse effects through dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) antagonism. Genetic variants of this receptor may be responsible for individual variations in neuroleptic response and may therefore be useful in predicting response. In this study we evaluated the role of six polymorphisms of the DRD2 gene in 125(More)
The plant homeobox domain (PHD) proteins are widespread in eukaryotes, and play important roles in regulating chromatin and transcription. Comprehensive analyses of PHD-finger proteins have been performed in animals, but few plant PHD-finger proteins involved in growth and development have been characterized functionally. In this study, we conducted a(More)
High fluence low-power laser irradiation (HF-LPLI) can induce cell apoptosis via the mitochondria/caspase-3 pathway. Here, we further investigated the mechanism involved in the apoptotic process in human lung adenocarcinoma cells (ASTC-a-1) at a laser irradiation fluence of 120 J/cm(2) (633 nm). Cytochrome c release was ascribed to mitochondrial(More)
Low-power laser irradiation (LPLI) can stimulate cell proliferation through a wide network of signals. Akt is an important protein kinase in modulating cell proliferation. In this study, using real-time single-cell analysis, we investigated the activity of Akt and its effects on cell proliferation induced by LPLI in African green monkey SV40-transformed(More)
Survivin, an important member of inhibitor-of-apoptosis (IAP) family, can be up-regulated by various pro-apoptotic stimuli, such as UV, photodynamic therapy (PDT) and cisplatin. High fluence low-power laser irradiation (HF-LPLI) is a newly discovered pro-apoptotic stimulator. The anti-apoptotic mechanism of survivin during HF-LPLI-induced apoptosis is still(More)
In vitro photoacoustic therapy using modified single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) as "bomb" agents is a newly reported approach for cancer. Herein, a mitochondria-targeting photoacoustic modality using unmodified SWNTs and its in vitro and in vivo antitumor effect are reported. Unmodified SWNTs can be taken up into cancer cells due to a higher(More)
An immunologically modified nanotube system was developed using an immunoadjuvant, glycated chitosan (GC), as surfactant of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNTs). This SWNT-GC system not only retained both optical properties of SWNTs and immunological functions of GC, but also could enter cells due to the carrier properties of SWNTs. Cellular SWNTs induced(More)