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Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that undergo continual fusion and fission to maintain their morphology and functions, but the mechanism involved is still not clear. Here, we investigated the effect of mitochondrial oxidative stress triggered by high-fluence low-power laser irradiation (HF-LPLI) on mitochondrial dynamics in human lung adenocarcinoma(More)
High fluence low-power laser irradiation (HF-LPLI) can induce cell apoptosis via the mitochondria/caspase-3 pathway. Here, we further investigated the mechanism involved in the apoptotic process in human lung adenocarcinoma cells (ASTC-a-1) at a laser irradiation fluence of 120 J/cm(2) (633 nm). Cytochrome c release was ascribed to mitochondrial(More)
Accumulation of amyloid-β-peptide (Aβ) in the brain is considered as a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Previous studies show that p73 is vital for mediating the pathogenic process of AD. Yes-associated protein (YAP) has been shown to positively regulate p73 in promoting apoptosis induced by anti-cancer agents. However, the functional role(More)
Translocation and localization of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in normal and cancerous cells have significant biomedical implications. In this study, SWNTs functionalized with different biomolecules in cells were observed with confocal laser scanning microscopy. Functionalized with PL-PEG, SWNTs were found to localize exclusively in mitochondria(More)
The plant homeobox domain (PHD) proteins are widespread in eukaryotes, and play important roles in regulating chromatin and transcription. Comprehensive analyses of PHD-finger proteins have been performed in animals, but few plant PHD-finger proteins involved in growth and development have been characterized functionally. In this study, we conducted a(More)
Our recent studies have demonstrated the key roles of reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated caspase-8- and Bax-dependent apoptotic pathways in dihydroartemisinin (DHA)-induced apoptosis of A549 cells. This report is designed to investigate the proapoptotic mechanisms of DHA in gemcitabine (Gem)-resistant A549 (A549GR) cells. A549GR cells exhibited lower(More)
High fluence low-power laser irradiation (HF-LPLI) is a newly discovered stimulus through generating reactive oxygen species (ROS) to trigger cell apoptosis. Activation of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) is proved to be involved in intrinsic apoptotic pathways under various stimuli. However, whether the proapoptotic factor GSK3β participates in(More)
This report is designed to dissect the detail molecular mechanism by which dihydroartemisinin (DHA), a derivative of artemisinin, induces apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. DHA induced a loss of the mitochondrial transmemberane potential (ΔΨm), release of cytochrome c, activation of caspases, and externalization of phosphatidylserine(More)
Nanomaterials have recently attracted much attention as efficient transducers for cancer photothermal therapy, based on their intrinsic absorption properties in the near-infrared region. This study explores a novel therapy model with mitochondria-targeting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), which act efficiently to convert 980-nm laser energy into heat(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the study is to dynamically and non-invasively monitor the apoptosis events in vivo during photodynamic therapy (PDT) and chemotherapy. PROCEDURES A FRET probe, SCAT3, was utilized to determine activation of caspase-3 during tumor cell apoptosis in mice, induced by PDT, and cisplatin treatments. Using this method, dynamics of caspase-3(More)