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Dectin-1 is a C-type lectin that recognizes beta-glucan in the cell walls of fungi and plays an important role in anti-fungal immunity. It signals via tyrosine kinase Syk and adaptor protein Card9 to activate NF-kappaB leading to proinflammatory cytokine production in dendritic cells (DCs). Other than this, not much else is known of the mechanism of(More)
Dengue virus (DV) infection is one of the most common mosquito-borne viral diseases in the world. The innate immune system is important for the early detection of virus and for mounting a cascade of defense measures which include the production of type 1 interferon (IFN). Hence, a thorough understanding of the innate immune response during DV infection(More)
Memory B (B(MEM)) cells and long-lived bone marrow plasma cells (BM-PCs) persist within local environmental survival niches that afford cellular longevity. However, the factors supporting B(MEM) cell survival within the secondary lymphoid organs and allowing BM-PC persistence in the bone marrow remain poorly characterized. We report herein that long-lived(More)
B cell-activating factor belonging to the TNF family (BAFF) and its receptor BAFF-R play critical roles in the maturation and survival of conventional peripheral B cells. However, they appeared to be dispensable for the generation and maintenance of CD5(+) B-1 cells as BAFF(-/-) and BAFF-R(-/-) mice have normal B-1 cell populations. Hence, it is presently(More)
Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) mediates antiviral response by recognizing double-stranded RNA. Its cytoplasmic domain is tyrosine phosphorylated upon ligand binding and initiates downstream signaling via the adapter TIR-containing adaptor inducing interferon-β (TRIF). However, the kinase responsible for TLR3 phosphorylation remains unknown. We show here that(More)
The tumor necrosis factor family members BAFF and APRIL induce Ig isotype switching in human B cells. We analyzed the ability of BAFF and APRIL to induce isotype switching in murine B cells to IgG1, IgA, and IgE. APRIL and BAFF each engage two receptors, transmembrane activator and calcium-modulator and cytophilin ligand interactor (TACI) and B cell(More)
Lipid rafts are plasma membrane microdomains that are enriched in cholesterol, glycosphingolipids, and glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins and play an important role in the signaling of ITAM-bearing lymphocyte antigen receptors. Dectin-1 is a C-type lectin receptor (CLR) that recognizes beta-glucan in the cell walls of fungi and triggers signal(More)
The ubiquitously expressed transmembrane adaptor Csk-binding protein (Cbp) recruits Csk to lipid rafts, where the latter exerts its negative regulatory effect on the Src family of protein tyrosine kinases. We have inactivated Cbp in the mouse germ line. In contrast to Csk gene inactivation, which leads to embryonic lethality and impaired T-cell development,(More)
p62(dok) and Dok-3 are members of the Dok family of adaptors found in B cells, with the former cloned as a substrate of the p210(bcr/abl) oncoprotein in Ph + chronic myelogenous leukemia. A role for p62(dok) in FcgammaRIIB-mediated negative regulation of B-cell proliferation had been established previously. Here, we generated Dok-3(-/-) mice to assess the(More)
B lymphocytes express both B cell receptor and Toll-like receptors (TLR). We show here that Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk), a critical component in B cell receptor signaling, is also involved in TLR9 signaling in B cells. Stimulation of B cells with TLR9 ligand CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) leads to transient phosphorylation of Btk, and in the absence of(More)