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Bradykinin is an inflammatory mediator that plays a pivotal role in pain and hyperalgesia in inflamed tissues by exciting and/or sensitizing nociceptors. TRPA1 is an important component of the transduction machinery through which environmental irritants and endogenous proalgesic agents depolarize nociceptors to elicit inflammatory pain. Here, using(More)
Peripheral nerve injury causes neuropathic pain including mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia due to central and peripheral sensitization. Spontaneous ectopic discharges derived from dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and from the sites of injury are a key factor in the initiation of this sensitization. Numerous studies have focused primarily on(More)
BACKGROUND Resveratrol (3,5,4' - trihydroxy-trans-stilbene), a widely distributed natural stilbenoid, was proposed to account for the unique effects of red wine on life span and health. It has been reported to possess various biological and pharmacological activities, such as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-carcinogenic effects. Here, using(More)
Proinflammatory agents trypsin and mast cell tryptase cleave and activate PAR2, which is expressed on sensory nerves to cause neurogenic inflammation. Transient receptor potential A1 (TRPA1) is an excitatory ion channel on primary sensory nerves of pain pathway. Here, we show that a functional interaction of PAR2 and TRPA1 in dorsal root ganglion (DRG)(More)
After >8,000 infections and >700 deaths worldwide, the pathogenesis of the new infectious disease, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), remains poorly understood. We investigated 18 autopsies of patients who had suspected SARS; 8 cases were confirmed as SARS. We evaluated white blood cells from 22 confirmed SARS patients at various stages of the(More)
BACKGROUND Honeybee's sting on human skin can induce ongoing pain, hyperalgesia and inflammation. Injection of bee venom (BV) into the intraplantar surface of the rat hindpaw induces an early onset of spontaneous pain followed by a lasting thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity in the affected paw. The underlying mechanisms of BV-induced thermal and(More)
Rupture of irradiated arteries in patients with head and neck cancer is an uncommon complication. We present the first case of a pseudoaneurysm of the external carotid artery branch that developed after irradiation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and was successfully treated by microcoil embolization therapy. Clinicians should be aware of this unusual(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether the technique ofmicroarray construction can be applied to paraffin-embedded cell block specinmens. STUDY DESIGN We used a manual microarray method for construction of a well-aligned cell microarray. First we evaluated the cellularity of the cell block and assigned the cases to the null, low, moderate or high cellularity(More)
Background/Aims : Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. Recombinant human bone morphogenic protein-7 (rhBMP-7) alleviates renal fibrosis and improves kidney function. However, the beneficial effect of BMP-7 on hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis remains unknown. The purpose of this(More)
Tissue array technology has allowed a substantial progression of studies correlating molecular and immunohistochemical findings with clinico-pathological information. Array construction presents technical difficulties and tissue arrayers are expensive, particularly for small and medium sized laboratories. We describe a simple manual method for producing(More)