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Although B cells have been shown to possess a regulatory function, microenvironmental factors or cytokines involved in the induction of regulatory B cells remain largely uncharacterized. B cell-activating factor (BAFF), a member of TNF family cytokines, is a key regulator for B cell maturation and function. In this study, we detected significantly increased(More)
Increased interleukin-17 (IL-17)-producing Th (Th17) cells have been described in a variety of human carcinoma cases, however, the mechanism of Th17 cells' accumulation in a tumor microenvironment remains elusive. This study was designed to investigate whether Th17 cells were involved in the development of esophageal cancer. We found that the proportion of(More)
Ontology definition metamodel (ODM) is the currently undergoing standardization through the object management group (OMG). It is a metamodel defined using meta-object facility (MOF), and enables using model driven architecture (MDA) standards and semantic Web together. In this modeling language (UML) models, we first derive a mapping for MOF to World Wide(More)
Follicular helper T (Tfh) cells are recognized as a distinct CD4(+) helper T-cell subset, which provides for B-cell activation and production of specific antibody responses, and play a critical role in the development of autoimmune disease. So far, only one study investigated the circulating Tfh cells increased in a subset of SLE patients. Since relatively(More)
Opioids have been widely applied in clinics as one of the most potent pain relievers for centuries, but their abuse has deleterious physiological effects beyond addiction. We previously reported that opioids inhibit cell growth and trigger apoptosis in lymphocytes. However, the underlying mechanism by which microglia apoptosis in response to opioids is not(More)
Recent studies have identified olfactory ecto-mesenchymal stem cells (OE-MSCs) as a new type of resident stem cell in the olfactory lamina propria. However, it remains unclear whether OE-MSCs possess any immunoregulatory functions. In this study, we found that mouse OE-MSCs expressed higher transforming growth factor-beta and interleukin-10 levels than bone(More)
Major secondary metabolites, including flavonoids, caffeine, and theanine, are important components of tea products and are closely related to the taste, flavor, and health benefits of tea. Secondary metabolite biosynthesis in Camellia sinensis is differentially regulated in different tissues during growth and development. Until now, little was known about(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) affects the health of young children globally causing severe neurologic diseases. The relationship between EV71 infection and T helper type 17 (Th17) has not been described, although this new Th subset or interleukin-17 (IL-17) has been reported to be associated with other viral infections. The purpose of the current study was to(More)
High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a non-histone nuclear protein, has been implicated in cardiovascular diseases. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), one of the leading causes of heart failure, is often caused by coxsackievirus B3-triggered myocarditis and promoted by the post-infectious autoimmune process. Th17 cells, a novel CD4(+) T subset, may be important in(More)
Glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor and its ligand (GITRL) are critically involved in the regulation of immune response. In this study, we aimed to generate bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) transfected with recombinant adenovirus expressing GITRL (pAd-GITRL-BMDCs) and explore their therapeutic efficacy in murine Lewis lung(More)