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(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has been reported to affect many cellular regulatory pathways. This study aims to determine whether EGCG could target microRNA (miRNA), one of the mechanisms for cells to achieve subtle change in multiple targets. We found that, in both human and mouse lung cancer cells in culture, EGCG specifically upregulated the(More)
Serially passaged normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cell monolayers were established on Transwell inserts via an air-liquid interface (ALI) culture method. NHBE cells were seeded on polyester Transwell inserts, followed by an ALI culture from day 3, which resulted in peak TEER value of 766+/-154 Omegaxcm2 on the 8th day. Morphological characteristics(More)
Gap junctions play important roles in auditory function and skin biology; mutations in the Cx26 (connexin26) gene are the predominant cause of inherited non-syndromic deafness and cause disfiguring skin disorders. Mass spectrometry (MS) was used to identify PTMs (post-translational modifications) of Cx26 and to determine whether they occur at sites of(More)
This study was conducted to determine the phosphorylation state of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) NR1 subunit on serine residues 896 (Ser896) and 897 (Ser897), the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), and the cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB) after repeated exposure to cocaine (20 mg/kg, once daily for 9 days) in the dorsal(More)
The effect of various surfactants (sodium cholate, sodium taurocholate, Tween 80 and Poloxamer F68) on enhancing the transepithelial permeability of fexofenadine.HCl was evaluated in a human nasal epithelial cell monolayer model. The cytotoxicity of the surfactants on the human nasal epithelial cells was evaluated by the MTT assay. A dose-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal activation of protease activities during experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in rats, a rodent model of multiple sclerosis, have been implicated in either the direct destruction of myelin components or the intracellular signal transduction pathways that lead to lymphocyte infiltration, oligodendrocyte destruction, neuronal(More)
A clonal human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cell line was established that stably expressed the rat κ-opioid receptor (rKOR) with a FLAG epitope at the amino terminus. The K d for [ 3 H] diprenorphine was 1.1 ± 0.2 nM, and the B max was 2.6 ± 0.4 pmol/mg. Dynorphin A (1–13), U69,593 and naloxone competitively inhibited [ 3 H]diprenorphine binding with K i(More)
Gentisic acid (GA) is used in cosmetics as a skin-whitening agent for the treatment of skin pigmentary disorders by influencing the synthesis of melanin through inhibition of melanosomal tyrosinase activity. In order to achieve effective topical delivery of GA to the active site in the skin, a matrix-type transdermal delivery system was developed. The in(More)
Glucosamine sulfate (GS) is known to stop the degenerative process of osteoarthritis. Because most of the GS formulation on the market is in the oral form, an alternative formulation such as a transdermal delivery system (TDS) is necessary in order to increase patient compliance. As the initial step to develop a TDS of GS, the physicochemical stability and(More)
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