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Metarhizium spp. are being used as environmentally friendly alternatives to chemical insecticides, as model systems for studying insect-fungus interactions, and as a resource of genes for biotechnology. We present a comparative analysis of the genome sequences of the broad-spectrum insect pathogen Metarhizium anisopliae and the acridid-specific M. acridum.(More)
Protein ubiquitination is an evolutionarily conserved post-translational modification process in eukaryotes, and it plays an important role in many biological processes. Aspergillus nidulans, a model filamentous fungus, contributes to our understanding of cellular physiology, metabolism and genetics, but its ubiquitination is not completely revealed. In(More)
O-Mannosylation dependent on the protein O-mannosyltransferase (Pmt) family is an essential post-translational modification process in eukaryotes, but their connection to the biocontrol potential of a filamentous entomopathogen against arthropod pests is not understood. Here, we characterized the functions of three Pmt orthologues (Pmt1, Pmt2 and Pmt4) in(More)
The ascomycete fungus Beauveria bassiana is a pathogen of hundreds of insect species and is commercially produced as an environmentally friendly mycoinsecticide. We sequenced the genome of B. bassiana and a phylogenomic analysis confirmed that ascomycete entomopathogenicity is polyphyletic, but also revealed convergent evolution to insect pathogenicity. We(More)
The catalase family of Beauveria bassiana (fungal entomopathogen) consists of catA (spore-specific), catB (secreted), catP (peroxisomal), catC (cytoplasmic) and catD (secreted peroxidase/catalase), which were distinguished in phylogeny and structure and functionally characterized by constructing single-gene disrupted and rescued mutants for enzymatic and(More)
Autophagy is a highly conserved process, representing the major eukaryotic degradative pathway of cellular components. Autophagy-mediated recycling of cellular materials contributes to cell differentiation, tissue remodelling and proper development. In fungi, autophagy is required for normal growth and cell differentiation. The entomopathogenic fungus(More)
Bck1, Mkk1 and Slt2 are three mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases constituting cell wall integrity (CWI) pathway that may control multi-stress responses via crosstalk with high-osmolarity glycerol (HOG) pathway in budding yeast. In this study, Bck1, Mkk1 and Slt2 orthologues in Beauveria bassiana were confirmed as the three-module cascade essential for(More)
A dual-specificity, paralogue-free Cdc14 phosphatase was located in the nuclei of Beauveria bassiana (filamentous entomopathogen) and functionally characterized. Inactivation of cdc14 caused defective cytokinesis due to multinucleate cells formed in Δcdc14 and 89% decrease of blastospore production, followed by slower growth and a loss of ≥ 96% conidial(More)
Fungicide resistance and thermotolerance of biocontrol agents in mitosporic fungi are of merits for enhancing fungal formulations against insect pests in the field. Among 20 wild strains of Beauveria bassiana (a well-known fungal biocontrol agent) tested in this study, 19 were sensitive or highly sensitive to carbendazim (methyl 2-benzimidazole carbamate),(More)
The eukaryotic calcineurin (CN) pathway comprising catalytic A (CnA) and regulatory B subunits (CnB) is crucial for many biological processes but functionally unexplored in entomopathogenic fungi. Here, we characterise three CN subunits (CnA1, CnA2 and CnB) and a downstream CN-responsive zinc finger transcription factor (Crz1) in Beauveria bassiana.(More)