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CD25 is a marker molecule expressed on many T and B cell neoplasms and on activated T cells that mediate organ transplant rejection and many autoimmune diseases. Single-chain variable fragments (scFvs) have many advantages over whole antibodies for use in antibody-targeted immunotherapy due to their small size. Daclizumab is an Food and Drug(More)
The administration of antibodies against the cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) is a promising approach in the upregulation of immune responses in many cancers and infectious diseases. The single-chain variable fragment of antibody against CTLA4 is also useful in developing immunotoxins that might be used in the treatment of cancer,(More)
It is proposed that human decidua contains a population of stem cells that are responsible for the proliferation ability during the process of embryo implantation and placenta formation and that factors in the crosstalk between the decidua and chorion may mediate decidual stem cell differentiation. This study analysed the phenotype of side population (SP)(More)
AIMS To investigate whether hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) 1alpha and cyclosporin A (CsA) can regulate MICA/B expression and affect NK cytotoxicity during ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. MAIN METHODS We generated an HIF-1alphaDeltaODD-expressing adenovirus which can functionally and steadily express HIF-1alpha during normoxia and transfected human(More)
AIMS To investigate whether ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced apoptosis in the bile duct epithelium could be mediated by tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptors in biliary epithelial cells, we examined the effects of hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) on TRAIL cytotoxicity. MAIN METHODS Using an H/R model, normal primary human(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a significant problem underlying the poor prognosis associated with gliomas. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is thought to induce the genes expression involved in MDR. To evaluate the effect of silencing HIF-1α in human glioma T98G cells, cells were transfected with HIF-1α-small interference RNA (HIF-1α-siRNA) and cultured(More)
Blocking the CD28/B7 costimulatory pathway is a promising strategy in the treatment of graft rejection, graft-versus-host disease and autoimmune diseases. LEA29Y, a high-affinity variant of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4-immunoglobulin (CTLA4Ig), is a more potent inhibitor of the interaction between CD28 and B7 than is CTLA4Ig. In a previous study, LEA29Y(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have both multi-lineage differentiation potential and immunosuppressive properties, making them ideal candidates for regenerative medicine. However, their immunosuppressive properties potentially increase the risk of cancer progression and opportunistic infections. In this study, MSCs isolated from human umbilical cord blood(More)
Tumor-homing peptides that recognize specific markers on tumor cells have shown potential as drug carriers for targeted cancer therapy. Bombesin receptors are frequently overexpressed or ectopically expressed in a wide range of human tumors. Bombesin and its analogues have been widely used as drug carriers for tumor imaging and tumor therapy. However, the(More)
Immunotoxins might be potential in treatment of cancer for their ability to kill selected cell populations. We constructed a novel immunotoxin hS83P34 by fusing N-terminal 34 amino acid fragment of human perforin to the C-terminus of humanized single-chain fragment variable antibody against CTLA4. The fusion protein was inductively expressed as inclusion(More)