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It is proposed that human decidua contains a population of stem cells that are responsible for the proliferation ability during the process of embryo implantation and placenta formation and that factors in the crosstalk between the decidua and chorion may mediate decidual stem cell differentiation. This study analysed the phenotype of side population (SP)(More)
Hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced injury is the key factor associated with islet graft dysfunction. This study aims to examine the effect of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on islet survival and insulin secretion under H/R conditions. Islets from rats were isolated, purified, cultured with or without MSCs, and exposed to hypoxia (O(2) ≤ 1%) for 8 h and(More)
Graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD) caused by immunologic activated cells remains a real problem in human allogeneic hematopoetic stem cell transplantation. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) play some important roles on immunomodulatory. We developed a parent-into-F1 model of acute GVHD to evaluate the mechanisms involved in immunological mediated damage and the(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have both multi-lineage differentiation potential and immunosuppressive properties, making them ideal candidates for regenerative medicine. However, their immunosuppressive properties potentially increase the risk of cancer progression and opportunistic infections. In this study, MSCs isolated from human umbilical cord blood(More)
AIMS Ginsenoside Rb1 could prevent ischemic neuronal death and focal cerebral ischemia, but its roles to liver warm I/R injury remain to be defined. We determined if Rb1 would attenuate warm I/R injury in mice. MAIN METHODS Mice were divided into sham, I/R, Rb1+I/R (Rb1 postconditioning, 20mg/kg, i.p. after ischemia), sham+L-NAME, I/R+L-NAME, and(More)
Immunotoxins might be potential in treatment of cancer for their ability to kill selected cell populations. We constructed a novel immunotoxin hS83P34 by fusing N-terminal 34 amino acid fragment of human perforin to the C-terminus of humanized single-chain fragment variable antibody against CTLA4. The fusion protein was inductively expressed as inclusion(More)
Cyclosporine A(CsA) causes significant nephrotoxicity that contribute to kidney graft loss in the long-term, it can induce cell apoptosis in renal cortex and medulla, reduce kidney function. The mechanisms are complex and involved in six apoptosis pathways including classical pathway, mitochondrial pathway, endoplasmic reticulum pathway, angiotensin II(More)
Blocking the CD28/B7 costimulatory pathway is a promising strategy in the treatment of graft rejection, graft-versus-host disease and autoimmune diseases. LEA29Y, a high-affinity variant of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4-immunoglobulin (CTLA4Ig), is a more potent inhibitor of the interaction between CD28 and B7 than is CTLA4Ig. In a previous study, LEA29Y(More)
AIMS To investigate whether hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) 1alpha and cyclosporin A (CsA) can regulate MICA/B expression and affect NK cytotoxicity during ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. MAIN METHODS We generated an HIF-1alphaDeltaODD-expressing adenovirus which can functionally and steadily express HIF-1alpha during normoxia and transfected human(More)
Xenotransplantation shows great promise for providing a virtually limitless supply of cells, tissues, and organs for a variety of therapeutical procedures. However, the potential of porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) as a human-tropic pathogen, particularly as a public health risk, is a major concern for xenotransplantation. This study focus on the(More)