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The purpose of these studies was to determine the role of gracile nucleus and the effects of l-arginine-derived nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in the nucleus on the cardiovascular responses to electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation of "Zusanli" (ST36). Arterial blood pressure and heart rate were monitored during EA stimulation of ST36 following microinjections of(More)
Recent studies have reported that l-arginine-derived nitric oxide (NO) in the gracile nucleus modifies the hypotensive responses to electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation of Zusanli (ST 36). The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of EA stimulation of ST 36 on neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) expression in the brainstem nuclei in rats. EA stimulation(More)
  • Sheng-Xing Ma
  • 2003
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to examine the distributions of nitric oxide (NO) in the skin points (acupoints)/meridian regions and determine whether neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) protein levels were associated with NO concentrations in the areas. DESIGN Low skin resistance points (LSRP) on the skin surface in response to electrical(More)
It has long been accepted that acupuncture, puncturing and scraping needles at certain points on the body, can have analgesic and anesthetic effects, as well as therapeutic effects in the treatment of various diseases. This therapy, including acupuncture anesthesia, has drawn the attention of many investigators and become a research subject of international(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine cardiovascular responses to fourth cerebral ventricle (4V) administration of nitroglycerin (NTG) or an inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS) in the near-term ovine and to determine whether, during birth, neuronal NOS (nNOS) is induced in noradrenergic A1 neurons in the medial nucleus tractus solitarius(More)
We have recently observed that increasing central noradrenergic transmission and sympathomimetic activity is involved with the complex hemodynamic effects during tolerance to nitroglycerin. The present study was to examine the release of nitric oxide (NO) in the posterior hypothalamus during tolerance to depressor responses to nitroglycerin and determine(More)
The present study quantified total nitrate and nitrite (NOx-) collected from the skin surface along acupuncture points (acupoints) and determined whether non-enzymatic reduction of nitrate by bacteria is involved in chemical generation of nitric oxide (NO) on acupoints. A small plastic tube (0.5 x 7 cm) cut in half lengthwise was taped to the forearm or leg(More)
The present study was to examine the distribution of transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1) receptor immunoreactivity in the acupuncture points (acupoint), and determine the influences of electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation on TRPV1 expression. EA stimulation of BL 40 was conducted in two sessions of 20 min separated by an 80 min interval in(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the levels of norepinephrine (NE) turnover in skin tissues and to determine the effect of nitric oxide (NO) on NE production in acupuncture points (acupoints) and meridians. The rats were pretreated with alpha-methyl-tyrosine methyl ester and intravenously infused with L-(2,3,5,6-(3)H)-tyrosine. Blood was withdrawn(More)
Acupuncture as a complex therapeutic system has been used to treat a variety of diseases and pathological conditions. Although the exact mechanism(s) of acupuncture remains unknown, some evidence suggests a mechanism initially involving signal transduction through connective tissue, with secondary involvement of other systems including the nervous system.(More)