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Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is the second most widely grown legume crop after soybean, accounting for a substantial proportion of human dietary nitrogen intake and playing a crucial role in food security in developing countries. We report the ∼738-Mb draft whole genome shotgun sequence of CDC Frontier, a kabuli chickpea variety, which contains an estimated(More)
Mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 gene (LRRK2) have been recently identified in families with autosomal-dominant late-onset Parkinson disease. We report that by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, the mRNA of LRRK2 is expressed in soluble extracts of human brain, liver, and heart and in cultured human astrocytes, microglia, and(More)
We settle an open problem, the inclusion problem for pattern languages 1, 2]. This is the rst known case where inclusion is undecidable for generative devices having a trivially decidable equivalence problem. The study of patterns goes back to the seminal work of Thue 16] and is important also, for instance, in recent work concerning inductive inference and(More)
Trans-activation-responsive DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) is a component of pathological inclusions in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and several forms of sporadic and familial frontotemporal lobar degeneration. This has suggested defining a new class of diseases known as TDP-43 proteinopathies. However, it has been reported more recently that TDP-43(More)
The long latent stage seen in syphilis, followed by chronic central nervous system infection and inflammation, can be explained by the persistence of atypical cystic and granular forms of Treponema pallidum. We investigated whether a similar situation may occur in Lyme neuroborreliosis. Atypical forms of Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes were induced(More)
Representations of nite languages as a product (catenation) of languages are investigated, where the factor languages are \prime", that is, cannot be decomposed further in a nontrivial manner. In general, such prime decom-positions are not unique-even the number of factors can vary exponentially. The paper investigates the uniqueness of prime(More)