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A cDNA encoding a human cytochrome P450 arachidonic acid epoxygenase was isolated from a human liver cDNA library. Sequence analysis revealed that this 1,876-base pair cDNA contained an open reading frame and encoded a new 502-amino acid protein designated CYP2J2. Blot hybridization analysis of RNA prepared from human tissues revealed that CYP2J2 was highly(More)
To investigate mechanisms underlying sensitivity changes that are capable of following rapid variations in intensity of the background field, we measured the threshold radiance needed to detect a 2-ms probe flash presented at various phases relative to a sinusoidally flickering background. The temporal frequency, mean luminance, and modulation of the(More)
Memapsin 2 (beta-secretase) is a membrane-associated aspartic protease involved in the production of beta-amyloid peptide in Alzheimer's disease and is a major target for drug design. We determined the crystal structure of the protease domain of human memapsin 2 complexed to an eight-residue inhibitor at 1.9 angstrom resolution. The active site of memapsin(More)
Over the last few years, there has been a dramatic increase in the use of cDNA microarrays to monitor gene expression changes in biological systems. Data from these experiments are usually transformed into expression ratios between experimental samples and a common reference sample for subsequent data analysis. The accuracy of this critical transformation(More)
A cDNA encoding a P450 monooxygenase was amplified from reverse transcribed rat heart and liver total RNA by polymerase chain reaction using primers based on the 5'- and 3'-end sequences of two rat pseudogenes, CYP2J3P1 and CYP2J3P2. Sequence analysis revealed that this 1,778-base pair cDNA contained an open reading frame and encoded a new 502 amino acid(More)
Abnormalities in the dopaminergic reward pathways have frequently been implicated in substance abuse and addictive behaviors. Recent studies by Self and coworkers have suggested an important interaction between the dopamine D1 and D2 receptors in cocaine abuse. To test the hypothesis that the DRD1 gene might play a role in addictive behaviors we examined(More)
BACKGROUND Dermatologic adverse events (AEs) are some of the most frequently observed toxicities of immune-checkpoint inhibitor therapy, but they have received little attention. The drugs, pembrolizumab and nivolumab are recently approved inhibitors of the programmed death (PD)-1 receptor that have overlapping AE profiles however, the incidence, relative(More)
Polymorphisms of three different dopaminergic genes, dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2), dopamine beta-hydroxylase (D beta H), and dopamine transporter (DAT1), were examined in Tourette syndrome (TS) probands, their relatives, and controls. Each gene individually showed a significant correlation with various behavioral variables in these subjects. The additive and(More)
During apoptosis, activation of a family of cysteine proteases related to interleukin-1beta-converting enzyme (ICE)-related proteases or "caspases" results in endoproteolytic cleavage of multiple substrates at specific aspartate residues. We have sought to develop new antibody probes for the neoepitopes in protein fragments produced by ICE-related(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (CDKN1A), also known as p21Cip1/Waf1, is a master downstream effector of tumor suppressors. In this study, we experimentally demonstrate through a high-throughput luciferase reporter screen that p21Cip1/Waf1 can be directly targeted by nearly 28 microRNAs (miRNAs). The results were further confirmed by a series of(More)