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The immune system can act as an extrinsic suppressor of tumors. Therefore, tumor progression depends in part on mechanisms that downmodulate intrinsic immune surveillance. Identifying these inhibitory pathways may provide promising targets to enhance antitumor immunity. Here, we show that Stat3 is constitutively activated in diverse tumor-infiltrating(More)
Gate-level characterization (GLC) is the process of quantifying physical and manifestational properties for each gate of an integrated circuit (IC). It is a key step in many IC applications that target cryptography, security, digital rights management, low power, and yield optimization. However, GLC is a challenging task due to the size and structure of(More)
Bcr-Abl-expressing primary or cultured leukemia cells display high levels of the antiapoptotic heat shock protein (hsp) 70 and are resistant to cytarabine (Ara-C), etoposide, or Apo-2L/TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand)-induced apoptosis. Conversely, a stable expression of the cDNA of hsp70 in the reverse orientation attenuated not only hsp70 but(More)
PURPOSE The therapeutic benefit of the cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells was unknown in the renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This prospectively randomized study was conducted to evaluate the effects of autologous CIK cell immunotherapy in patients with metastatic clear cell RCCs. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN From June 2005 to June 2008, 148 patients with metastatic(More)
BACKGROUND Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) was involved in the pathogenetic mechanisms responsible for ischemic stroke (IS). Population-based sample have revealed gene-gender interaction in blood pressure which is major risk for IS. We sought to evaluate whether ICAM-1 K469E polymorphism was involved in the causation of IS and whether it was(More)
Emerging evidence suggests that NK-activatory receptors use KARAP/DAP12, CD3zeta, and FcepsilonRIgamma adaptors that contain immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activatory motifs to mediate NK direct lysis of tumor cells via Syk tyrosine kinase. NK cells may also use DAP10 to drive natural cytotoxicity through phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). In contrast to our(More)
—Hardware Trojans (HTs) pose a significant threat to the modern and pending integrated circuit (IC). Due to the diversity of HTs and intrinsic process variation (PV) in IC design, detecting and locating HTs is challenging. Several approaches have been proposed to address the problem, but they are either incapable of detecting various types of HTs or unable(More)
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are age-dependent stem cell malignancies that share biological features of activated adaptive immune response and ineffective hematopoiesis. Here we report that myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC), which are classically linked to immunosuppression, inflammation, and cancer, were markedly expanded in the bone marrow of MDS(More)
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TERT-rs2736098 (C > T) and CLPTM1L-rs401681(C > T) at the 5p15.33 locus are significantly associated with cancer risk as reported in genome-wide association studies (GWAS), but there are no reported studies for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). In a case-control study of 1079 SCCHN cases and 1115(More)