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Metastasis is the leading cause of death in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and microRNAs have been implicated to influence this process. Emerging evidence indicates that miR-198 is down-regulated in HCC compared to normal liver parenchyma, but the functional roles of miR-198 in HCC cells remains unexplored. Herein, we show that miR-198(More)
A discontinuous pattern of LOH at chromosome 3p has been reported in 87% of primary breast cancers. Despite the identification of several tumor suppressor genes in this region, there has yet to be a detailed analysis of noncoding RNAs including miRNAs in this region. In this study, we identified 16 aberrant miRNAs in this region and determined several that(More)
Screening of the entire let-7 family of microRNAs (miRNA) by in situ hybridization identified let-7g as the only member, the diminished expression of which was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis and poor survival in breast cancer patients. Abrogation of let-7g expression in otherwise nonmetastatic mammary carcinoma cells elicited rapid(More)
Since the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells in 2006, cellular reprogramming has attracted increasing attention as a revolutionary strategy for cell replacement therapy. Recent advances have revealed that somatic cells can be directly converted into other mature cell types, which eliminates the risk of neoplasia and the generation of undesired(More)
The polymorphism of p53 codon 72, a transversion of G to C (Arg to Pro), has been demonstrated to be associated with the risk for lung cancer. However, individual studies conducted in Asians have provided conflicting and inconclusive findings. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis by pooling all currently available case–control studies to estimate the effect(More)
Uric acid (UA), a product of purine metabolism, is a kind of powerful endogenous antioxidant which may increase in many oxidative stress situations such as stroke. Some studies have found that UA is a predictor for stroke by mechanisms involved in development. There are some controversies about whether it is an independent effect of UA or an epiphenomenon.(More)
A discontinuous pattern of LOH at chromosome 3p has been reported in 87% of primary breast cancers. Despite the identification of several tumor suppressor genes in this region, there has yet to be a detailed analysis of noncoding RNAs including miRNAs in this region. In this study, we identified 16 aberrant miRNAs in this region and determined several that(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that Artemin (ARTN) functions as a cancer stem cell (CSC) and metastatic factor in mammary carcinoma. Herein, we report that ARTN mediates acquired resistance to trastuzumab in HER2-positive mammary carcinoma cells. Ligands that increase HER2 activity increased ARTN expression in HER2-positive mammary carcinoma cells,(More)
Researchers are enthusiastically concerned about neural stem cell (NSC) therapy in a wide array of diseases, including stroke, neurodegenerative disease, spinal cord injury, and depression. Although enormous evidences have demonstrated that neurobehavioral improvement may benefit from NSC-supporting regeneration in animal models, approaches to endogenous(More)
This paper explores the potential for wearable devices to identify driving activities and unsafe driving, without relying on information or sensors in the vehicle. In particular, we study how wrist-mounted inertial sensors such as those in smart watches and fitness trackers, can track steering wheel usage and inputs. Identifying steering wheel usage helps(More)