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The effects of exogenous spermine (Spm) on plant growth, chlorophyll fluorescence, ultrastructure and anti-oxidative metabolism of chloroplasts were investigated in Cucumis sativus L. under NaCl stress. Salt stress significantly reduced plant growth, chlorophylls content and F(v)/F(m). These changes could be alleviated by foliar spraying with Spm. Salt(More)
With the objective to clarify the physiological significance of polyamines (PAs) in the photosynthetic apparatus, the present study investigated the effects of salt stress with and without foliar application of putrescine (Put) on the structure and function of the photosynthetic apparatus in cucumber. Salt stress at 75 mM NaCl for 7 days resulted in a(More)
The effects of 0.1 μM 24-epibrassinolide (EBL) on plant growth (plant height, leaf area, fresh weight, and dry weight), chlorophyll content, photosynthetic characteristics, antioxidant enzymes, and chloroplast ultrastructure were investigated using cucumber seedlings (Cucumis sativus L. cv. Jinyou No. 4) with 80 mM Ca(NO3)2 to induce stress. The presence of(More)
Polyamines (PAs) are low molecular weight ubiquitous nitrogenous compounds found in all living organisms (Kaur-Sawhney et al., 2003). In higher plants, the most common polyamines are spermidine (Spd), spermine (Spm) and their diamine obligate precursor putrescine (Put). They are formed by aliphatic hydrocarbons substituted with two or more amino groups(More)
Our results based on proteomics data and physiological alterations proposed the putative mechanism of exogenous Spd enhanced salinity tolerance in cucumber seedlings. Current studies showed that exogenous spermidine (Spd) could alleviate harmful effects of salinity. It is important to increase our understanding of the beneficial physiological responses of(More)
Phosphorylation of the regulatory light chain of Dictyostelium myosin II increases V(max) of its actin-dependent MgATPase activity about 5-fold under normal assay conditions. Under these assay conditions, unphosphorylated chimeric myosins in which the tail domain of the Dictyostelium myosin II heavy chain is replaced by either the tail domain of chicken(More)
The effects of 24-epibrassinolide (EBL) applied by spraying the leaves of Cucumis sativus L (cv. Jinyou No.4) on the roots of ascorbate–glutathione (AsA–GSH) cycle and levels and forms of polyamines were investigated under Ca(NO3)2 stress. Ca(NO3)2 stress caused significant decreases in ascorbate acid (AsA) and glutathione (GSH) levels and the activities of(More)
We investigated the effects of exogenous spermidine (Spd) on growth, photosynthesis and expression of the Calvin cycle-related genes in cucumber seedlings (Cucumis sativus L.) exposed to NaCl stress. Salt stress reduced net photosynthetic rates (P N ), actual photochemical efficiency of PSII (ΦPSII) and inhibited plant growth. Application of exogenous Spd(More)
2,4-Epibrassinolide (EBL) is a plant hormone that plays a pivotal role in regulation of plants growth and development processes under abiotic stress. The investigation was carried out to study the effect of EBL on mineral nutrients uptake and distribution with ion element analysis and X-ray microanalysis in cucumber seedlings (Cucumis sativus L. cv. Jinyou(More)
In eukaryotes, DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), one of the most harmful types of DNA damage, are repaired by homologous repair (HR) and nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ). Surprisingly, in cells deficient for core classic NHEJ factors such as DNA ligase IV (Lig4), substantial end-joining activities have been observed in various situations, suggesting the(More)