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BACKGROUND CONTEXT Although stand-alone cages were advocated to be superior to plate-cage construct (PCC) because of comparable clinical outcomes and fewer plate-related complications, cage dislocation and subsidence were frequently mentioned in multilevel fusion. There are some concerns about whether these issues can be effectively prevented in multilevel(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and radiological changes of 3- and 4-level anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion with stand-alone anchored spacers and with traditional anterior plates. A total of 51 consecutive patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy who underwent 3- or 4-level anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion(More)
OBJECTIVE The application of stand-alone anchored spacer (SAAS) in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) has been proven to be safe and effective to treat cervical spondylosis. Skip-level ACDF with SAAS, fusing only the involved levels without anterior plates, may be the optimal treatment. The aim of the study was to compare the clinical outcomes,(More)
BACKGROUND Tight blood glucose control has been correlated with a reduction in diabetes complications. Adherence to antidiabetic medications is crucial to achieving blood glucose control. OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between good glucose control [glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels] and adherence to prescribed treatment in patients on a stable(More)
AIMS To investigate the differences of gene expression in rat retinal Müller glial cells after basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) treatment, and to explore the function of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) in the proliferation and dedifferentiation of rat retinal Müller glial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS A gene expression profile in rat retinal Müller glial(More)
OBJECTIVE Tranexamic acid (TA), a synthetic antifibrinolytic drug, has been shown to reduce postoperative bleeding and the need for allogeneic blood transfusion in cardiac surgery. However, the optimal dose regimen of TA is still under debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a lower-dose TA regimen produced equivalent efficacy to its(More)
Soil salinity is a significant factor that impairs plant growth and agricultural productivity, and numerous efforts are underway to enhance salt tolerance of economically important plants. Populus species are widely cultivated for diverse uses. Especially, they grow in different habitats, from salty soil to mesophytic environment, and are therefore used as(More)
BACKGROUND Neer IIB distal clavicle fracture is associated with disruption of the coracoclavicular ligament and a variable degree of displacement. Surgical treatment using various implants such as intramedullary wires, screws, and plates has been described in the literature with satisfactory results. METHODS We report our experience of minimally invasive(More)
In this work, we develop novel mesoporous silica composite nanoparticles (hm-SiO2(AlC4Pc)@Pd) for the co-delivery of photosensitizer (PS) tetra-substituted carboxyl aluminum phthalocyanine (AlC4Pc) and small Pd nanosheets as a potential dual carrier system to combine photodynamic therapy (PDT) with photothermal therapy (PTT). In the nanocomposite, PS AlC4Pc(More)
Intervertebral disc (IVD) is the largest avascular tissue in the human, and disc degeneration is generally considered to result from chronic disc cell nutrition insufficiency. Responsible for making and maintaining the extracellular matrix, the cells of IVDs are supplied with essential nutrients by diffusion from the blood supply through mainly the(More)