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The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and radiological changes of 3- and 4-level anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion with stand-alone anchored spacers and with traditional anterior plates. A total of 51 consecutive patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy who underwent 3- or 4-level anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion(More)
BACKGROUND Tight blood glucose control has been correlated with a reduction in diabetes complications. Adherence to antidiabetic medications is crucial to achieving blood glucose control. OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between good glucose control [glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels] and adherence to prescribed treatment in patients on a stable(More)
AIMS To investigate the differences of gene expression in rat retinal Müller glial cells after basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) treatment, and to explore the function of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) in the proliferation and dedifferentiation of rat retinal Müller glial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS A gene expression profile in rat retinal Müller glial(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Although stand-alone cages were advocated to be superior to plate-cage construct (PCC) because of comparable clinical outcomes and fewer plate-related complications, cage dislocation and subsidence were frequently mentioned in multilevel fusion. There are some concerns about whether these issues can be effectively prevented in multilevel(More)
OBJECTIVE The application of stand-alone anchored spacer (SAAS) in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) has been proven to be safe and effective to treat cervical spondylosis. Skip-level ACDF with SAAS, fusing only the involved levels without anterior plates, may be the optimal treatment. The aim of the study was to compare the clinical outcomes,(More)
OBJECTIVE Tranexamic acid (TA), a synthetic antifibrinolytic drug, has been shown to reduce postoperative bleeding and the need for allogeneic blood transfusion in cardiac surgery. However, the optimal dose regimen of TA is still under debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a lower-dose TA regimen produced equivalent efficacy to its(More)
This study measured the vagus and phrenic nerves from 12 adult cadavers. We found that the width and thickness of the vagus and phrenic nerves were different in the chest. The distance from the point of the vagus nerve and phrenic nerve on the plane of the inferior border of portal pulmonary arteries (T point) was approximately 7 cm to the diaphragm and was(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether ethnicity was associated with differences in Medicaid eligibility, health care utilization, and direct medical costs in a systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) population. METHODS A retrospective analysis of California Medicaid claims data was conducted on patients with SLE. Patient eligibility and month-by-month utilization(More)
Intervertebral disc (IVD) is the largest avascular tissue in the human, and disc degeneration is generally considered to result from chronic disc cell nutrition insufficiency. Responsible for making and maintaining the extracellular matrix, the cells of IVDs are supplied with essential nutrients by diffusion from the blood supply through mainly the(More)
BACKGROUND Neer IIB distal clavicle fracture is associated with disruption of the coracoclavicular ligament and a variable degree of displacement. Surgical treatment using various implants such as intramedullary wires, screws, and plates has been described in the literature with satisfactory results. METHODS We report our experience of minimally invasive(More)