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Neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis have been termed "protein misfolding disorders." These diseases differ widely in frequency and impact different classes of neurons. Heat shock proteins provide a line of defense against misfolded, aggregation-prone proteins and are among the most(More)
Antipsychotic-induced weight gain has emerged as a serious complication in the treatment of patients with atypical antipsychotic drugs. The cannabinoid receptor 1 (CNR1) is expressed centrally in the hypothalamic region and associated with appetite and satiety, as well as peripherally. An antagonist of CNR1 (rimonabant) has been effective in causing weight(More)
An adaptive minimum bit error rate (MBER) linear multiuser detector (MUD) is proposed for DS-CDMA systems. Based on the approach of kernel density estimation for approximating the bit error rate (BER) from training data, a least mean squares (LMS) style adaptive algorithm is developed for training linear MUDs. Computer simulation results show that this(More)
The dopamine D1 receptor (D1R) plays important roles in regulating motor coordination, working memory, learning, and reward. In the mammalian brain, D1R is localized predominantly in dendritic spines. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the transport, sorting, and targeting of D1R to dendritic spines are largely unknown. Here, we characterize the(More)
Lipid rafts (LR) are lipid microdomains present in the cell surface membrane that are organizational platforms involved in protein trafficking and formation of cell signaling complexes. In the adult brain, NMDA receptors (NMDAR) and receptor-associated proteins such as membrane-associated guanylate kinases (PSD-95 and SAP102), are distributed between the(More)
OBJECTIVE The genetic etiology of aggressive behaviors remains elusive, but growing evidence suggests that they are heritable, and certain genetic variants have been implicated as contributing factors. The oxytocin-vasopressin (OXT-AVP) neurohumoral system has recently been implicated in social behaviors. Oxytocin, especially, has been linked to prosocial(More)
Lipid rafts are specialized plasma membrane microdomains enriched in cholesterol and sphingolipids that serve as major assembly and sorting platforms for signal transduction complexes. Constitutively expressed heat shock proteins Hsp90, Hsc70, Hsp60, and Hsp40 and a range of neurotransmitter receptors are present in lipid rafts isolated from rat forebrain(More)
The substantia nigra plays important roles in the brain function and is critical in the development of many diseases, particularly Parkinson’s disease. Pathological changes of the substantia nigra have also been reported in other neurodegenerative diseases. Using a quantitative proteomic approach, we investigated protein expressions in the substantia nigra(More)
Hsp70 is a multi-gene family composed of stress-inducible members (Hsp70) and other members that are constitutively expressed (Hsc70). The heat shock proteins Hsp70 and Hsc70 exhibit similar molecular structure and biochemical functions. Constitutively expressed Hsc70 is enriched in the mammalian nervous system compared with non-neural tissues and present(More)
Current antipsychotic drugs primarily target dopamine D2 receptors (D2Rs), in conjunction with other receptors such as those for serotonin. However, these drugs have serious side effects such as extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) and diabetes. Identifying a specific D2R signaling pathway that could be targeted for antipsychotic effects, without inducing EPS,(More)