Sheng-Kai Wu

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Erythropoietin (EPO) is a neuroprotective agent against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced brain injury. However, its crossing of blood-brain barrier is limited. Focused ultrasound (FUS) sonication with microbubbles (MBs) can effectively open blood-brain barrier to boost the vascular permeability. In this study, we investigated the effects of(More)
Focused ultrasound combined with an intravascular ultrasound contrast agent can induce transient disruption of the blood-brain barrier, and the blood-brain barrier disruption can be detected by contrast-enhanced MRI. There is, however, no study investigating the ability of various MR methods to detect focused ultrasound-induced blood-brain barrier(More)
The clinical application of chemotherapy for brain cancer tumors remains a challenge due to difficulties in the transport of therapeutic agents across the blood-brain barrier/blood-tumor barrier (BBB/BTB). In this study, we developed des-octanoyl ghrelin-conjugated microbubbles (GMB) loaded with TGFβ1 inhibitor (LY364947) (GMBL) to induce BBB/BTB disruption(More)
The blood-brain/tumor barrier inhibits the uptake and accumulation of chemotherapeutic drugs. Hyperthermia can enhance the delivery of chemotherapeutic agent into tumors. In this study, we investigated the effects of short-time focused ultrasound (FUS) hyperthermia on the delivery and therapeutic efficacy of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) for brain(More)
Adaptive logic module (ALM) in modern field programmable gate array can serve as one 6-input lookup table (LUT) or two smaller lookup tables under certain constraints. In a typical design flow, a netlist of LUTs formed after technology mapping has to be merged into ALMs and then packed into coarse-grained logic blocks (CLBs) before placement and routing.(More)
PURPOSE To optimize the timing of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that best indicates blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption induced by focused ultrasound (FUS) along with an ultrasound contrast agent (UCA) and to verify that the contrast-enhanced spin-echo MRI sequence can indicate the degree and location of BBB disruption in the presence(More)
The use of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the treatment of brain cancer has produced exciting results in clinical trials over the past decade. PDT is based on the concept that a photosensitizer exposed to a specific light wavelength produces the predominant cytotoxic agent, to destroy tumor cells. However, delivering an efficient light source to the brain(More)
The clinical application of chemotherapeutics for brain tumors remains a challenge due to limitation of blood-brain barrier/blood-tumor barrier (BBB/BTB). In this study, we investigated the effects of low-dose focused ultrasound hyperthermia (UH) on the delivery and therapeutic efficacy of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) for brain metastasis of breast(More)
OBJECTIVE Delivery barriers of nanodrug in large tumors due to heterogeneous blood supply, elevated interstitial pressure and long transport distances can degrade the efficacy of cancer treatment. In this study, we proposed a therapeutic strategy to improve the tumor growth inhibition by injecting pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD), and then applying a(More)
Microbubbles (MBs) serve as a critical catalyst to amplify local cavitation in CNS capillary lumen to facilitate focused ultrasound (FUS) to transiently open the blood-brain barrier (BBB). However, limited understanding is available regarding the effect of different microbubbles to induce BBB opening. The aim of this study is to characterize different MBs(More)
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