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We investigated the organization of projections from the rat midbrain periaqueductal gray to nucleus ambiguus and the periambigual region using retrograde and anterograde tract tracing techniques. Retrograde tracing results revealed that neurons that project to nucleus ambiguus arise from three discrete, longitudinally organized columns of neurons located(More)
Glial activation and oxidative stress are both consequences of brain aging. To investigate whether glial activation causes oxidative stress or not, the immune activator, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), was intraventricularly injected into the rat brain. The expression of candidate genes were examined by in situ hybridization histochemistry (ISHH) combined with(More)
In this study, bacterial strains were isolated from soils from 30 locations of Samcheok, Gangwon province. Of the isolated strains, seven showed potential plant growth promoting and antagonistic activities. Based on cultural and morphological characterization, and 16S rRNA gene sequencing, these strains were identified as Paenibacillus species. All seven(More)
The bacterial strain T-9, which shows strong antifungal activity, is isolated from the soils of Samcheok, Gangwondo and identified as Paenibacillus kribbensis according to morphological and taxonomic characteristics and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. The P. kribbensis strain T-9 strongly inhibits the growth of various phytopathogenic fungi including(More)
Bacillus strains SG08-09 and SG09-12 were isolated from soil samples collected in garlic fields and screened against Botrytis cinerea, which causes gray mold disease, through dual culture and seedling assays. The effectiveness of these strains as biocontrol agents and their abilities to promote tomato plant growth were evaluated both in the laboratory and(More)
Craniopharyngiomas are histologically benign epithelial tumours arising from squamous epithelial remnants of Rathke's pouch, which have a tendency to invade surrounding structures and recur after apparently complete resection. They represent the most frequent non-glial tumour in children, accounting for approximately 5% of paediatric brain neoplasms. Total(More)
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