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1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)) can modulate immune responses, but whether it directly affects B cell function is unknown. Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, especially those with antinuclear Abs and increased disease activity, had decreased 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) levels, suggesting that vitamin D might play a role in regulating autoantibody(More)
Cutinase, which exists in both fungi and bacteria, catalyzes the cleavage of the ester bonds of cutin. Fungal cutinases have been extensively studied, however, reports on bacterial cutinases have been limited due to the lack of knowledge concerning the identity of their open reading frames. In the present study, the cutinase from Thermobifida fusca was(More)
Cutinases (E.C. belong to the α/β-hydrolase superfamily. They were initially discovered because they are secreted by fungi to hydrolyze the ester bonds of the plant polymer cutin. Since then, they have been shown to catalyze the hydrolysis of a variety of polymers, insoluble triacylglycerols, and low-molecular-weight soluble esters. Cutinases are(More)
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) have been reported to play an important role in both physiological and pathological processes. Hsps also may serve as biomarkers for evaluating disease states and exposure to environmental stresses. Whether Hsp levels in serum and lymphocytes are correlated with age and sex is largely unknown. In this study, we analyzed serum(More)
PURPOSE Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) is a standard treatment option for locally advanced breast cancer. However, the lack of an efficient method to predict treatment response and patient prognosis hampers the clinical evaluation of patient eligibility for NCT. An elevated lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) has been reported to be associated with a(More)
The aglu of Aspergillus niger encodes the pro-protein of alpha-glucosidase, and the mature form of wild-type enzyme is a heterosubunit protein. In the present study, the cDNA of alpha-glucosidase was cloned and expressed in Pichia pastoris strain KM71. The activity of recombinant enzyme in a 3 L fermentor reached 2.07 U/mL after 96 h of induction. The(More)
BACKGROUND Renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis is the final common stage of renal failure. CD4+ T lymphocyte recruitment and activation after injury could be the very important early event that mediates the onset of renal fibrogenesis. But the role of CD4+ T lymphocytes in renal fibrosis is controversial and its cellular mechanism needs to be further(More)
Excessive mechanical loads on the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can cause mandibular cartilage degradation and subchondral bone erosion, but the treatment of these conditions remains challenging. Salubrinal, which target eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha, has been shown to have multiple beneficial effects on skeletal tissue. Here, we examined(More)
Construction and improvement of industrial strains play a central role in the commercial development of microbial fermentation processes. l-tryptophan producers have usually been developed by classical random mutagenesis due to its complicated metabolic network and regulatory mechanism. However, in the present study, an l-tryptophan overproducing(More)
BACKGROUND Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has become standard treatment for women with locally advanced breast cancer. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel) versus paclitaxel combined with carboplatin. METHODS Thirty patients were treated with neoadjuvant nab-paclitaxel (125(More)