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Microglial activation plays a crucial role in the pathological processes of various retinal and optic nerve diseases. TNF-α is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that is rapidly upregulated and promotes retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) death after optic nerve injury. However, the cellular source of TNF-α after optic nerve injury remains unclear. Thus, we aimed to(More)
Idiopathic choroidal neovascularization (ICNV) is a disorder that primarily affecting patients younger than 50 years and can cause severe loss of vision. Choroidal abnormalities, especially choroidal inflammation, have been thought to be involved in the pathophysiology of ICNV. However, the exact pathogenesis of ICNV remains unclear. The aim of our study(More)
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