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Converging evidence has implicated the cerebellum in verbal working memory. The current fMRI study sought to further characterize cerebrocerebellar participation in this cognitive process by revealing regions of activation common to a verbal working task and an articulatory control task, as well as regions that are uniquely activated by working memory.(More)
Previous investigations have demonstrated that two regions in the right cerebellum, one located superiorly in hemispheral lobule VI/Crus I and another located inferiorly in hemispheral lobule VIIB/VIIIA, are activated during verbal working memory performance. On the basis of functional neuroimaging patterns of activation, as well as known cortico-pontine(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI) has been successfully used to non-invasively map language function, but has several disadvantages. These include severe motion sensitivity, which limits overt verbal responses in behavioral paradigms, such as word generation. The lack of overt responses prevents behavioral validation, making data interpretation(More)
Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging and patient studies indicate cerebellar participation in verbal working memory. In particular, event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging showed superior cerebellar activation during the initial encoding phase of the Sternberg task. This study used functional magnetic resonance imaging-guided(More)
BACKGROUND Complaints of persistent cognitive deficits following mild head trauma are often uncorroborated by structural brain imaging and neuropsychological examination. OBJECTIVE To investigate, using positron emission tomography (PET), the in vivo changes in regional cerebral uptake of 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) and regional cerebral blood(More)
This study was designed to investigate cerebellar lobular contributions to specific cognitive deficits observed after cerebellar tumor resection. Verbal working memory (VWM) tasks were administered to children following surgical resection of cerebellar pilocytic astrocytomas and age-matched controls. Anatomical MRI scans were used to quantify the extent of(More)
Load-dependent and practice-related changes in neocortical and cerebellar structures involved in verbal working memory (VWM) were investigated using functional MRI (fMRI) and a two alternative forced choice Sternberg paradigm. Using working memory loads ranging from 2 to 6 letters, regions exhibiting linear and quadratic trends in load-dependent activations(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to create a probe of hemispheric dominance for language using functional magnetic resonance imaging. BACKGROUND Surgical candidates for anterior temporal lobectomy often undergo the Wada test to determine language laterality. The Wada test is invasive and cannot localize intrahemispheric language areas when surgical(More)
Verbal working memory (VWM) engages frontal and temporal/parietal circuits subserving the phonological loop, as well as, superior and inferior cerebellar regions which have projections from these neocortical areas. Different cerebro-cerebellar circuits may be engaged for integrating aurally- and visually-presented information for VWM. The present fMRI study(More)
The premotor cortex (PMC) plays an important role in selecting and preparing for movement. This study investigates how stroke-induced PMC lesions affect stepping leg selection and anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) preparation. Fifteen hemi-paretic patients (eight with PMC lesions (PMC(Lesion)) and seven PMC spared (PMC(Spared))) and eight age- and(More)