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This study was designed to investigate the penetration and the distribution of poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles in the human skin treated with microneedles. Fluorescent nanoparticles were prepared to indicate the transdermal transport process of the nanoparticles. Permeation study was performed on Franz-type diffusion cells in vitro.(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop an ophthalmic drug delivery system for cyclosporine A (CsA) based on glyceryl monooleate (GMO)/poloxamer 407 liquid crystalline nanoparticles with reduced ocular irritancy and improved corneal penetration. CsA-loaded liquid crystalline nanoparticles were prepared via fragmentation of a bulk GMO/poloxamer 407 cubic(More)
The H.264/MPEG-4 AVC is the video coding standard which achieves much higher coding efficiency than previous standards such as H.263 or MPEG4. The improvement in the rate-distortion performance of the H.264 is mainly due to the accurate motion estimation with multiple block sizes and multiple reference frames. However, this performance gain comes at the(More)
The purpose of the present study was to develop implantable poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microparticles for continuous delivery of intact 3,4-dihydro-3-methyl-4-oxoimidazo[5,1-d]-as-tetrazine-8-carboxamide (temozolomide, TM) for about a 1-month period and to evaluate its cytotoxicity against Glioma C6 cancer cells. The emulsifying-solvent(More)
BACKGROUND Cationic copolymers consisting of polycations linked to nonionic amphiphilic block polymers have been evaluated as nonviral gene delivery systems, and a large number of different polymers and copolymers of linear, branched, and dendrimeric architectures have been tested in terms of their suitability and efficacy for in vitro and in vivo(More)
Low efficiency and significant toxicity are the main obstacles to successful gene delivery. We have developed a cationic reduction-responsive vector based on a disulfide cross-linked stearylated polyarginine peptide modified with histidine (C-SHR) for DNA delivery. The structure of the C-SHR was characterized, and the in vitro and in vivo transfection(More)
AIM This study aims to investigate the suitability of thermosensitive triblock polymer poly-(DL-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-polyethylene glycol (PEG)-PLGA as a matrix material for ocular delivery of dexamethasone acetate (DXA). METHODS The copolymer was synthesized and evaluated for its thermosensitive and gelation properties. DXA in situ(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the suitability of poly-(d,l-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-polyethylene glycol (PEG)-PLGA triblock copolymer as a matrix material for a sustained-release system for docetaxel (DTX). The copolymers were synthesized by ring-opening polymerization reaction and characterized by (1)H-NMR and gel permeation(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The incidence rates of colorectal cancer (CRC) are increasing in a number of different regions, and recent studies have indicated that addition of bevacizumab to CRC therapy is beneficial. To better understand the relative risk (RR) of adverse events associated with use of bevacizumab, we systematically reviewed published clinical(More)
The purposes of this study were to improve the transdermal permeation of the Shangwu traumatic formula by chemical penetration enhancers and to investigate the pharmacodynamic changes of the formula caused by incorporated enhancers. The effects of different enhancers on the transdermal absorption of piperine, the representative component of formula, were(More)