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Environmental factors are significant contributors for the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The greatly increased incidence of AD following stroke and cerebral ischemia suggests that hypoxia is a risk factor which may accelerate AD pathogenesis by altering amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the(More)
The deployment of broad-spectrum resistance genes is the most effective and economic means of controlling blast in rice. The cultivar Er-Ba-Zhan (EBZ) is a widely used donor of blast resistance in South China, with many cultivars derived from it displaying broad-spectrum resistance against blast. Mapping in a set of recombinant inbred lines bred from the(More)
Forced expression of selected transcription factors can transform somatic cells into embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like cells, termed induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). There is no consensus regarding the preferred tissue from which to harvest donor cells for reprogramming into iPSCs, and some donor cell types may be more prone than others to accumulation(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous, small non-protein coding single-stranded RNA molecules, which are crucial post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. Previous studies have shown that miRNAs participate in a wide range of biological functions and play important roles in various human diseases including glioma. However, the role of(More)
The impairment of ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is a cellular mechanism underlying the neurodegenerative process in Parkinson's disease (PD). Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is one of the most potent neurotrophic factors promoting the growth and survival of mesencephalic dopamine (DA) neurons. To investigate whether GDNF has(More)
A number of microRNAs (miRNAs) that are evolutionarily conserved not beyond primate lineage have been identified. These primate-specific miRNAs (ps-miRNAs) may attribute to the difference between high-level primates and non-primate mammals or lower vertebrates. Despite of their importance, the genome-wide miRNA conservation patterns and the properties of(More)
BACKGROUND Recent data have demonstrated that treatment with sodium benzoate (SB) leads to significant developmental defects in motor neuron axons and neuromuscular junctions in zebrafish larvae, thereby implying that SB can be neurotoxic. This study examined whether SB affects the development of dopaminergic neurons in the zebrafish brain. METHODS(More)
—Maximizing the optical network unit's (ONU) sleep time is an effective approach for achieving maximum energy conservation in green Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs). While overlapping downstream and upstream ONU transmissions can maximize the ONU sleep time, it jeopardizes the quality of service (QoS) performance of the network, especially for(More)
Ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) impairment has been implicated in the pathology of Parkinson's disease, but the mechanisms underlying the UPS impairment-induced dopamine (DA) neuron degeneration remain obscure. To test whether calcium homeostasis disturbance is involved in the DA neuronal injury resulting from UPS impairment, we treated the primary(More)
Rice blast, caused by fungal pathogen Magnaporthe grisea Barr., is one of the most devastating rice diseases worldwide. It has greatly affected the rice production and quality. Development of resistant cultivars is the most effective and economical way for controlling this disease in rice. In this study, 114 of the single-segment substitution lines (SSSLs)(More)