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PURPOSE The present studies were conducted to determine whether a diffusional pathway for solutes exists from the ciliary body stroma to the anterior chamber of the human eye. The existence of such a pathway has been demonstrated in rabbits and monkeys, but such a pathway in humans would necessitate a shift in the physiological paradigm of the blood-aqueous(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE CSF pulsation artifact is a pitfall of fast fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) brain MR imaging. We studied ventricular CSF pulsation artifact (VCSFA) on axial FLAIR images and its relationship to age and ventricular size. METHODS Fast FLAIR axial images were obtained on a 1.5-T unit (8000/150/2 [TR/TE/ excitations],(More)
Molecular vascular imaging represents a novel tool that promises to change the current medical paradigm of 'see and treat' to a 'detect and prevent' strategy. Nanoparticle agents, such as superparamagnetic nanoparticles and perfluorocarbon nanoparticle emulsions, have been developed for noninvasive imaging, particularly for magnetic resonance imaging.(More)
Neovascularization is a critical component in the progression of malignant melanoma. The objective of this study was to determine whether alpha(nu)beta(3)-targeted paramagnetic nanoparticles can detect and characterize sparse alpha(nu)beta integrin expression on neovasculature induced by nascent melanoma xenografts ( approximately 30 mm(3)) at 1.5T. Athymic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Adult size is achieved in the inner ear labyrinth by approximately 25 weeks' gestation, and minimal variability in age, sex, side, and race is found after birth. In this study, we opted to determine the reproducibility of inner ear volumetric measurements generated from high-resolution heavily T2-weighted 3D fast spin-echo MR images.(More)
BACKGROUND Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an inherited disease characterized by early onset of skeletal muscle degeneration and progressive weakness. Although dilated cardiomyopathy may occur during adolescence, it is often undetected early in its course because of physical inactivity and generalized debilitation. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Nanotechnology-based tools and techniques are rapidly emerging in the fields of medical imaging and targeted drug delivery. Employing constructs such as dendrimers, liposomes, nanoshells, nanotubes, emulsions and quantum dots, these advances lead toward the concept of personalized medicine and the potential for very early, even pre-symptomatic, diagnoses(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis is a critical feature of plaque development in atherosclerosis and might play a key role in both the initiation and later rupture of plaques that lead to myocardial infarction and stroke. The precursory molecular or cellular events that initiate plaque growth and that ultimately contribute to plaque instability, however, cannot be(More)
OBJECTIVE Angiogenic expansion of the vasa vasorum is a well-known feature of progressive atherosclerosis, suggesting that antiangiogenic therapies may stabilize or regress plaques. Alpha(v)beta3 integrin-targeted paramagnetic nanoparticles were prepared for noninvasive assessment of angiogenesis in early atherosclerosis, for site-specific delivery of(More)