Shelton D. Caruthers

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE CSF pulsation artifact is a pitfall of fast fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) brain MR imaging. We studied ventricular CSF pulsation artifact (VCSFA) on axial FLAIR images and its relationship to age and ventricular size. METHODS Fast FLAIR axial images were obtained on a 1.5-T unit (8000/150/2 [TR/TE/ excitations],(More)
Neovascularization is a critical component in the progression of malignant melanoma. The objective of this study was to determine whether alpha(nu)beta(3)-targeted paramagnetic nanoparticles can detect and characterize sparse alpha(nu)beta integrin expression on neovasculature induced by nascent melanoma xenografts ( approximately 30 mm(3)) at 1.5T. Athymic(More)
CONTEXT While gray matter T2 hypointensity in multiple sclerosis (MS) has been associated with physical disability and clinical course, previous studies have relied on visual magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assessments. OBJECTIVE To quantitatively determine if T2 hypointensity is associated with conventional MRI and clinical findings in MS. DESIGN(More)
Before molecular imaging with MRI can be applied clinically, certain problems, such as the potential sparseness of molecular epitopes on targeted cell surfaces, and the relative weakness of conventional targeted MR contrast agents, must be overcome. Accordingly, the conditions for diagnostic conspicuity that apply to any paramagnetic MRI contrast agent with(More)
Early noninvasive detection and characterization of solid tumors and their supporting neovasculature is a fundamental prerequisite for effective therapeutic intervention, particularly antiangiogenic treatment regimens. Emerging molecular imaging techniques now allow recognition of early biochemical, physiological, and anatomical changes before manifestation(More)
Fluorine MRI offers broad potential for specific detection and quantification of molecularly targeted agents in diagnosis and therapy planning or monitoring. Because non-proton MRI applications lack morphological information, accompanying proton images are needed to elucidate the spatial tissue context. Furthermore, low concentrations typical of targeted(More)
A lipid-encapsulated perfluorocarbon nanoparticle molecular imaging contrast agent that utilizes a paramagnetic chemical exchange saturation transfer (PARACEST) chelate is presented. PARACEST agents are ideally suited for molecular imaging applications because one can switch the contrast on and off at will simply by adjusting the pulse sequence parameters.(More)
PURPOSE The present studies were conducted to determine whether a diffusional pathway for solutes exists from the ciliary body stroma to the anterior chamber of the human eye. The existence of such a pathway has been demonstrated in rabbits and monkeys, but such a pathway in humans would necessitate a shift in the physiological paradigm of the blood-aqueous(More)
A three-dimensional image registration technique for CT and MR studies of the cervical spine was evaluated for feasibility and efficacy. Registration by means of external fiducial markers was slightly more accurate than registration by anatomic landmarks. The interrelationships between bony (eg, neural foramina) and soft tissue structures (eg, nerve roots)(More)
Molecular imaging of microthrombus within fissures of unstable atherosclerotic plaques requires sensitive detection with a thrombus-specific agent. Effective molecular imaging has been previously demonstrated with fibrin-targeted Gd-DTPA-bis-oleate (BOA) nanoparticles. In this study, the relaxivity of an improved fibrin-targeted paramagnetic formulation,(More)