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Motors generating mechanical force, powered by the hydrolysis of ATP, translocate double-stranded DNA into preformed capsids (proheads) of bacterial viruses and certain animal viruses. Here we describe the motor that packages the double-stranded DNA of the Bacillus subtilis bacteriophage phi29 into a precursor capsid. We determined the structure of the(More)
Supplemental figure Ia Velocity vs. time for a packaging complex held under a constant load of ~5 pN. Velocity was determined by linear fitting in a 1 s sliding window. These data correspond to the black line shown in Fig. 1b. b, To determine the experimental noise, velocity vs. time was also obtained for a 15 kb long DNA molecule that was directly attached(More)
Homomeric ring ATPases perform many vital and varied tasks in the cell, ranging from chromosome segregation to protein degradation. Here we report the direct observation of the intersubunit coordination and step size of such a ring ATPase, the double-stranded-DNA packaging motor in the bacteriophage phi29. Using high-resolution optical tweezers, we find(More)
A large family of multimeric ATPases are involved in such diverse tasks as cell division, chromosome segregation, DNA recombination, strand separation, conjugation, and viral genome packaging. One such system is the Bacillus subtilis phage phi 29 DNA packaging motor, which generates large forces to compact its genome into a small protein capsid. Here we use(More)
  • D E Smith, S J Tans, S B Smith, S Grimes, D L Anderson, C Bustamante
  • 2001
As part of the viral infection cycle, viruses must package their newly replicated genomes for delivery to other host cells. Bacteriophage straight phi29 packages its 6.6-microm long, double-stranded DNA into a 42 x 54 nm capsid by means of a portal complex that hydrolyses ATP. This process is remarkable because entropic, electrostatic and bending energies(More)
As part of the viral infection cycle, viruses must package their newly replicated genomes for delivery to other host cells. Bacteri-ophage f29 packages its 6.6-mm long, double-stranded DNA into a 42´54 nm capsid 1 by means of a portal complex that hydrolyses ATP 2. This process is remarkable because entropic, electrostatic and bending energies of the DNA(More)
A method has been developed for three-dimensional image reconstruction of symmetry-mismatched components in tailed phages. Although the method described here addresses the specific case where differing symmetry axes are coincident, the method is more generally applicable, for instance, to the reconstruction of images of viral particles that deviate from(More)
The ASCE (additional strand, conserved E) superfamily of proteins consists of structurally similar ATPases associated with diverse cellular activities involving metabolism and transport of proteins and nucleic acids in all forms of life. A subset of these enzymes consists of multimeric ringed pumps responsible for DNA transport in processes including genome(More)
Ring NTPases of the ASCE superfamily perform a variety of cellular functions. An important question about the operation of these molecular machines is how the ring subunits coordinate their chemical and mechanical transitions. Here, we present a comprehensive mechanochemical characterization of a homomeric ring ATPase-the bacteriophage φ29 packaging motor-a(More)
During the assembly of many viruses, a powerful molecular motor compacts the genome into a preassembled capsid. Here, we present measurements of viral DNA packaging in bacteriophage phi29 using an improved optical tweezers method that allows DNA translocation to be measured from initiation to completion. This method allowed us to study the previously(More)