Learn More
BACKGROUND Variable rates of malignancy and early infection have previously been reported in heart transplant (HTx) recipients who received induction therapy. This study hypothesized that induced pediatric patients would have an increased risk of these events compared with non-induced patients. METHODS Data from a prospective, multicenter event-driven(More)
We sought to analyze the outcome of hemodynamically significant acute graft rejection in pediatric heart transplant recipients from a single-center experience. Acute graft rejection remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality for patients who undergo orthotopic heart transplantation and has been associated with the severity of the rejection episode. A(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared graft failure leading to retransplant in infants versus older children at initial heart transplant. METHODS Twenty-six retransplant recipients were compared by age at first transplant: infant group (<1 year) and pediatric group (≥1 year). RESULTS Early retransplant survival was 92%. Retransplant survivals at 1, 3, and 5(More)
The transplanted heart experiences numerous hemodynamic changes during and after cardiac transplantation. This study sought to evaluate the left ventricular myocardial mechanics in the pediatric heart transplant population using Velocity Vector Imaging (VVI). This study retrospectively evaluated 28 heart transplant recipients by echocardiography 12 months(More)
BACKGROUND Although the pathophysiology and treatment of adult heart failure (HF) are well studied, HF in children remains poorly understood. In adults, adrenergic receptor (AR)-mediated adaptation plays a central role in cardiac abnormalities in HF, and these patients respond well to β-blocker (BB) therapy. However, in children with HF, there is a growing(More)
Cardiolipin, a unique phospholipid in the inner mitochondrial membrane, is critical for optimal mitochondrial function. CL abnormalities have been demonstrated in the failing rodent and adult human heart. The aim of this study was to determine whether abnormalities in CL content and the CL biosynthesis and remodeling pathways are present in pediatric(More)
The PHTS was founded in 1991 as a not-for-profit organization dedicated to the advancement of the science and treatment of children during listing for and following heart transplantation. Now, 21 yr later, the PHTS has contributed significantly to the field, most notably in the form of outcomes analyses and risk factor assessment, in addition to amassing(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the application of proven adult heart failure therapies to children with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC), prognosis remains poor. Clinical experience with phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitors (PDE3i) in pediatric patients with IDC, however, demonstrates improved heart failure symptoms without the increased incidence of sudden death seen(More)
INTRODUCTION The spatial peaks QRS-T angle has been shown to differentiate adult patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) from controls. We hypothesized that the spatial peaks QRS-T angle would, in isolation, be more accurate than the Italian 12-lead ECG Pre-participation Screening criteria or the Seattle criteria for detecting hypertrophic(More)