Sheldon I. Kramer

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A placebo-controlled, randomized blind study was conducted in cats (n = 60) after fracture repair to compare the analgesic effects as well as the side-effects of carprofen, buprenorphine and levomethadone during a 5-day treatment. Cats with severe shock symptoms or increases in blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine were excluded from the study. The cats(More)
Two cases of neurosarcoidosis studied by Gd-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging are reported. Both patients demonstrated multifocal white matter abnormalities that were clustered near regions of intense meningeal enhancement. Presumed spread of neurosarcoidosis along Virchow-Robin spaces was demonstrated, as evidenced by(More)
Seventy-two healthy dogs required sedation and analgesia for a variety of procedures causing discomfort or pain. They were treated either with the alpha 2-agonist medetomidine at 40 micrograms/kg (15 intravenously and 17 intramuscularly), or 80 micrograms/kg (15 intravenously and 15 intramuscularly) or with xylazine plus l-methadone (1.0 mg)(10(More)
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is used to support intensive care patients. The risk for adverse metabolic effects depends on the composition of infused solutions and the duration of application. The present study in dogs compares metabolic and endocrine effects of two infusion solutions, with either triglycerides or glucose being the major energy sources,(More)
The alpha 2-selective adrenergic agonist xylazine has a long lasting antinociceptive effect (> 4 hours) after lumbosacral injection in dogs (Rector, 1996). The present study was performed to find out if epidurally administered xylazine acts locally as well as systemically. In a clinical investigation 30 dogs anesthetized with isoflurane in oxygen (1.9 Vol.%(More)
The effects of gonadectomy on the secretion of prolactin, LH, TSH, and thyroxine were investigated. Blood serum hormone concentrations were analysed before and at 20, 120, and 180min after a single iv TRH injection in each of eight healthy intact and castrated male beagle dogs before (control) and after 4-week treatment with the dopamine-2 receptor agonist(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the use of Holter monitoring for evaluating the incidence of post-anaesthetic cardiac arrhythmias and associated anaesthetic risk for two different anaesthetic protocols. METHODS Patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery were randomly divided into two groups with different anaesthetic regimens (group A, isoflurane n = 30; group B,(More)
The objective of this study was to compare the sensitivity of different diagnostic tests for pancreatitis in cats. Twenty-one cats with confirmed pancreatitis were evaluated at the Small Animal Clinic of the School of Veterinary Medicine in Hannover, Germany, between September 1997 and January 1999. Clinical signs of affected cats were nonspecific, with 95%(More)
Dr. Rosenquist and his colleagues describe how their academically based health maintenance organization joined in training for level-of-care decision making with the external managed behavioral health organization that was providing utilization review and case management decisions. The academic department later took over its own utilization review and in so(More)
Concentrations of 17β-oestradiol (E(2) ), testosterone (T), 5α-dihydrotestosterone, prolactin (PRL) and relaxin (RLN) were determined in peripheral blood serum or plasma and prostatic secretion of 77 physically healthy intact male dogs (19 Rhodesian Ridgebacks/RR, 58 dogs of other breeds, 1-9 years of age). Furthermore, the concentrations of acid(More)