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for their help in preparing this manuscript. Also thanks go to John Quigley, Gary Burtless and Lee Rainwater for many helpful conversations; to Joel Slemrod and David Wise for thoughtful comments; and finally to Gene Smolensky for long term inspiration and guidance. The author thanks the Luxembourg Income Study sponsors for their support. The conclusions(More)
The papers in this volume were commissioned and presented at a conference held in November 1998 in Washington, D.C. organized the conference, which was funded by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) at the Department of Health and Human Services. Assisting me in planning the conference were Greg Duncan of Northwestern(More)
The collapse of the labor, housing, and stock markets beginning in 2007 created unprecedented challenges for American families. This study examines disparities in wealth holdings leading up to the Great Recession and during the first years of the recovery. All socioeconomic groups experienced declines in wealth following the recession, with higher wealth(More)
and Eugene Smolensky for various comments on an earlier draft and for numerous useful discussions on the topic. However, I have no reason to believe that anyone of them would like to be held responsible for any mistakes or omissions; thus the usual disclaimer applies. ABSTRACT The primary objective~ of this paper are to give a precise definition of the(More)
This paper tracks distributional changes over the last quarter of the twentieth century. We focus on three conceptually distinct distributions: the distribution of wages, the distribution of annual earnings and the distribution of total family income adjusted for family size. We show that all three distributions became less equal during the last half of the(More)
Reform has transformed traditional entitlement to cash welfare under Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) into a transitional program known as Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF). Because of the new work requirements and the time-limited nature of assistance, policy makers are increasingly confronted with what to do when welfare(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined correlates of eviction and homelessness among current and former welfare recipients from 1997 to 2003 in an urban Michigan community. METHODS Longitudinal cohort data were drawn from the Women's Employment Study, a representative panel study of mothers who were receiving cash welfare in February 1997. We used logistic regression(More)
"This paper analyzes changes in the economic well-being of the elderly using data from the [U.S.] Decennial Censuses of 1950 through 1980. We find that the economic status of each elderly cohort is higher on average than that of the preceding cohort. Certain events associated with age--retirement for both men and women and widowhood for women--are(More)
This paper utilizes a rich longitudinal data set--the Women's Employment Study (WES)--to investigate whether obesity, which is common among women of low socioeconomic status, is a barrier to employment and earnings for current and former welfare recipients. We find that former welfare recipients who are both White and morbidly obese have been less(More)