Learn More
BACKGROUND Pilot studies indicate that probe-guided resection of radioactive sentinel nodes (the first nodes that receive drainage from tumors) can identify regional metastases in patients with breast cancer. To confirm this finding, we conducted a multicenter study of the method as used by 11 surgeons in a variety of practice settings. METHODS We(More)
INTRODUCTION We conducted a presurgical trial to assess the tissue-related effects of metformin in overweight/obese breast cancer (BC) patients. METHODS Metformin 1,500 mg daily was administered to 35 nondiabetics with stage 0-III BC, body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m(2). The primary endpoint was tumor proliferation change (i.e., ki-67). Tumor proliferation(More)
BACKGROUND The authors prospectively evaluated the performance of a proprietary molecular testing platform using one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) for the detection of metastatic carcinoma in sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) in a large multicenter trial and compared the OSNA results with the results from a detailed postoperative histopathologic(More)
OBJECTIVE Breast carcinoma is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in women of North America. The combination of breast conservation surgery and radiotherapy has become a standard of treatment for the majority of breast cancers. It is critical to obtain clear margins to minimize local recurrence. However, avoiding multiple re-excisions for margin(More)
Breast cancer in African-American (AA) women occurs at an earlier age than in European-American (EA) women and is more likely to have aggressive features associated with poorer prognosis, such as high-grade and negative estrogen receptor (ER) status. The mechanisms underlying these differences are unknown. To address this, we conducted a case-control study(More)
Primary systemic therapy (PST) or neoadjuvant therapy is used in nonmetastatic breast cancer to treat systemic disease earlier, decrease tumor bulk ideally to a complete pathological response (pCR), and reduce the extent of surgery. The multitude of clinical trials using PST in breast cancer patients has not proven the fundamental hypotheses of improved(More)
A number of patients receiving continuous intravenous infusions of hyperalimentation solutions require cimetidine (CT) for treatment of gastric hypersecretory conditions. Four patients were selected to receive a CT-hyperalimentation mixture and serial blood sampling for CT concentrations. Rates of infusion of CT ranged from 38 to 56.3 mg/hr. Average serum(More)
BACKGROUND Oncotype DX is a 21-gene assay that calculates a risk of distant recurrence in women with estrogen-receptor-positive, lymph node-negative breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the results of Oncotype DX influence the decision to administer chemotherapy. METHODS A retrospective study was performed on 85 consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple recent reports have documented significant variability of reoperation rates after initial lumpectomy for breast cancer. To address this issue, a multidisciplinary consensus conference was convened during the American Society of Breast Surgeons 2015 annual meeting. METHODS The conference mission statement was to "reduce the national(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of tumor cells at the margins of breast lumpectomy specimens is associated with an increased risk of ipsilateral tumor recurrence. Twenty to 30 % of patients undergoing breast-conserving surgery require second procedures to achieve negative margins. This study evaluated the adjunctive use of the MarginProbe device (Dune Medical(More)