Sheldon Edwards

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Three species of blood-feeding flies (Stomoxys calcitrans, Haematopota pluvialis and Hydrotaea irritans) were fed for five minutes on a bullock persistently infected with bovine virus diarrhoea virus (BVDV) containing 10(4.5)TCID50 non-cytopathic BVDV/ml serum, then subsequently fed on BVDV-free seronegative animals maintained in isolation. Virus was(More)
The detection of cattle latently infected with bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV1) is of importance in control programs and in international trade activities. Therefore, tests to detect specific antibodies in serum must be highly sensitive. To evaluate the reliability of serological diagnosis of BHV1 infections in Europe, seventeen laboratories in 15 European(More)
The current situation of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/infectious pustular vulvovaginitis infection in various European countries is reviewed. Whilst some have a high serological prevalence and use live virus vaccines to control the disease, others have a low prevalence and two countries (Denmark and Switzerland) have national eradication schemes which(More)
Three calves, latently infected with bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV 1), were each inoculated intranasally with 9 strains of ruminant pestivirus (BVDV). All three calves developed a biphasic pyrexia and a lymphopenia followed by a neutrophilia. They did not shed BHV 1 in their nasal secretions in the 14 days following BVDV inoculation, and their BHV 1 antibody(More)
A comparison is made of serological diagnostic procedures used for infectious bovine rhinotracheitis in the European Community. A panel of 65 sera, including positive, doubtful, negative and diluted samples was dispatched to nine different European laboratories and tested by neutralisation, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), indirect(More)
Thirty-three pestivirus strains were grown in cell culture and characterized by immunostaining with 19 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) raised against hog cholera virus (HCV), with 42 MAbs against bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) and with 13 MAbs against border disease virus (BDV). Seven MAbs reacted with all pestivirus strains tested, eight MAbs detected(More)
The antibacterial agent chlorhexidine has long been used as an agent for medical antisepsis. This compound is a membrane active agent which probably has its major antibacterial action by interference with the function of cellular membranes. The results demonstrated an inhibition of oxygen utilisation by bacteria which was related to falls in cellular ATP(More)