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Is the mechanical unraveling of protein domains by atomic force microscopy (AFM) just a technological feat or a true measurement of their unfolding? By engineering a protein made of tandem repeats of identical Ig modules, we were able to get explicit AFM data on the unfolding rate of a single protein domain that can be accurately extrapolated to zero force.(More)
A systematic screen for new natural products that displayed antifungal activity by inhibition of fungal fatty acid synthase (FAS) led to the discovery of two new fungal metabolites, designated CT2108A (1) and CT2108B (2). The metabolites were produced by Penicillium solitum (Westling) strain CT2108 and were classified as azaphilones. The structures of these(More)
Escherichia coli is routinely used for the production of recombinant proteins both for research purposes and for commercial applications. Despite the extensive amount of knowledge gathered about the synthesis and accumulation of heterologous proteins and the well established principals affecting the production of secondary metabolites, little attention has(More)
Fatty acid synthase (FAS) has been identified as a potential antifungal target. FAS prepared from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was employed for bioactivity-guided fractionation of Chlorophora tinctoria,Paspalum conjugatum, Symphonia globulifera, Buchenavia parviflora, and Miconia pilgeriana. Thirteen compounds (1-13), including three new natural products (1, 4,(More)
A genetic approach was used for the cloning of the Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942 (Synechococcus strain R2) gnd gene which encodes 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGD). A restriction map of the gnd locus was prepared by Southern analysis using the Escherichia coli gene as a heterologous probe. The Synechococcus strain R2 gene was genetically tagged by(More)
In most cyanobacteria, the only known pathway for oxidation of stored carbohydrate in the dark or under energy-limiting conditions is the hexose monophosphate shunt. To determine whether the increased use of the shunt under these conditions derives from an increase in the activity level of the respective enzymes, we measured the effect of growth phase(More)
The virulence of Candida albicans strains deficient in fatty acid synthase activity by virtue of disruption/deletion of the FAS2 gene was examined in a rat model of oropharyngeal candidiasis. The FAS2 alleles of C. albicans CAI4 (delta ura3::imm434/delta ura3::imm434) were sequentially disrupted with a cassette that included a portion of FAS2 from which a(More)
Disruption of both alleles of the Candida albicans FAS2 gene abolishes the ability of the organism to establish infection in a murine model of systemic candidiasis. Within 72 h all mice inoculated with 10(6) CFU of the parental C. albicans strain had died. In contrast, all animals inoculated with the mutant strain CFD2 survived for the course of the(More)
Assay-guided fractionation of the ethanol extract of Nymphaea odorata resulted in the identification of two lignans, one new (1) and one known (2), together with six known flavonol glycosides (3-8). The structures of 1-8 were established by spectroscopic analysis as nymphaeoside A (1), icariside E(4) (2), kaempferol 3-O-alpha-l-rhamnopyranoside (afzelin,(More)
Assay-guided fractionation of the ethanol extract of the twigs and leaves of Miconia trailii yielded two new flavanone glycosides, matteucinol 7-O-alpha-l-arabinopyranosyl(1-->6)-beta-d-glucopyranoside (miconioside A, 1) and farrerol 7-O-beta-d-apiofuranosyl(1-->6)-beta-d-glucopyranoside (miconioside B, 2), along with the known compounds matteucinol(More)
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