A global measure of perceived stress.
- Sheldon Cohen, Tom P Kamarck, R. Mermelstein
- PsychologyJournal of Health and Social Behavior
- 1 December 1983
The Perceived Stress Scale showed adequate reliability and, as predicted, was correlated with life-event scores, depressive and physical symptomatology, utilization of health services, social anxiety, and smoking-reduction maintenance and was a better predictor of the outcome in question than were life- event scores.
Positive Events and Social Supports as Buffers of Life Change Stress
A perceived availability of social support measure (the ISEL) was designed with independent subscales measuring four separate support functions. In a sample of college students, both perceived…
Social relationships and health.
- Sheldon Cohen
- PsychologyAmerican Psychologist
- 1 November 2004
The author argues that all 3 variables that assess different aspects of social relationships are associated with health outcomes, that these variables each influence health through different mechanisms, and that associations between these variables and health are not spurious findings attributable to the authors' personalities.
Measuring the Functional Components of Social Support
In the last several years, we have been interested in the role social supports play in protecting people from the pathogenic effects of stress. By social supports, we scan the resources that are…
Does positive affect influence health?
This review highlights consistent patterns in the literature associating positive affect (PA) and physical health. However, it also raises serious conceptual and methodological reservations. Evidence…
PERCEIVED STRESS SCALE
- Sheldon Cohen
- 10 February 2014
The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is the most widely used psychological instrument for measuring the perception of stress. It is a measure of the degree to which situations in one’s life are appraised…
Psychological stress and disease.
The plausibility of the belief that stress contributes to a variety of disease processes is discussed and the role of stress in 4 major diseases: clinical depression, cardiovascular disease, human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS, and cancer is summarized.
Social support measurement and intervention: A guide for health and social scientists.
This book, will provide the most up to date research on the effects of social support interventions on physical and mental health.
Who's Stressed? Distributions of Psychological Stress in the United States in Probability Samples from 1983, 2006, and 2009
Psychological stress was assessed in 3 national surveys administered in 1983, 2006, and 2009. In all 3 surveys, stress was higher among women than men; and increased with decreasing age, education,…