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Barrett's esophagus is an increasingly common disease that is strongly associated with reflux of stomach acid and usually a hiatus hernia, and it strongly predisposes to esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), a tumor with a very poor prognosis. We report the first genome-wide association study on Barrett's esophagus, comprising 1,852 UK cases and 5,172 UK(More)
BACKGROUND Although widely used, thiopurine drugs have a narrow therapeutic index and treatment can result in life-threatening toxicity, the basis being pharmacogenetic variation in thiopurine metabolism by thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT). We recently developed a modified phenotyping assay to determine TPMT activity in red blood cells. Here we(More)
Paracetamol (acetaminophen) hepatotoxicity, whether due to intentional overdose or therapeutic misadventure, is an indication for liver transplantation in selected cases. However, there is a concern that long-term outcomes may be compromised by associated psychopathology that may predispose patients to further episodes of self-harm or poor treatment(More)
UNLABELLED The use of azathioprine (and its metabolite mercaptopurine) is limited by toxicity, especially myelosuppression, which is related to activity of the enzyme thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT). TPMT activity varies between individuals and is considered deficient in one in 300 cases. AIMS & METHODS We identified TPMT activity within an(More)
The incidence of esophageal cancer (EC), particularly esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), has been rising dramatically. In the USA, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is associated with deprivation and black ethnicity, while EAC is more common among whites. The influence of social deprivation and ethnicity has not been studied in England. West Midlands(More)
Oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC) is more common in men. Androgens may therefore contribute to the pathogenesis of OAC. Prostate cancer (PC), an androgen sensitive tumor with a long natural history, may allow insights into this putative association. West Midlands Cancer Intelligence Unit data from 1977 to 2004 were examined to identify patients with a first(More)
OBJECTIVE Barrett's oesophagus (BO) is associated with the development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma and endoscopic surveillance is commonly practised. In view of the clinical, psychological and economic implications of BO, we have studied patients' attitudes towards surveillance, their levels of anxiety and quality of life. METHODS Patients with BO(More)
The use of etomidate for induction of anesthesia in patients requiring urgent coronary artery surgery provides good cardiovascular stability. However, long-term etomidate infusions may cause transient signs of adrenocortical suppression. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an induction bolus dose of etomidate would cause clinically relevant(More)
At esophagectomy, cancer patients may be malnourished. Nutrition administered central venously is associated with complications, potentially negating nutritional benefits. We aimed to determine the safety of nutrition administered by the peripheral parenteral route (PPN) and record changes in nutritional and surgical outcome. Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy was(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The role of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) as an immunomodulatory drug in managing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is yet to be fully defined. We reviewed our experience of MMF in treating patients with IBD. METHODS Retrospective analysis was performed on all patients treated with MMF for inflammatory bowel disease between 2003 and 2011.(More)