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PURPOSE Data supporting an increased risk of colorectal cancer in patients with Crohn's colitis are inconsistent. Despite this, clinical recommendations regarding colonoscopic screening and surveillance for patients with Crohn's colitis are extrapolated from chronic ulcerative colitis protocols. The primary aim of our study was to determine the incidence of(More)
PURPOSE Dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DPIV) is a multifunctional type II plasma membrane glycoprotein with serine-type exopeptidase activity that is secreted by the prostate and increased in prostate cancer. We determined whether changes in DPIV activities in prostatic tissue zones and expressed secretions were associated with the presence of cancer. MATERIALS(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To assess the effect of continued smoking and smoking reduction on cardiovascular biomarkers (eg, WBC count, cholesterol concentrations, BP, heart rate). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS This study, conducted at the University of Minnesota, randomized smokers interested in significantly reducing cigarette use but not quitting to either(More)
Cigarette design has changed markedly over the past 60 years and sales-weighed levels of tar and nicotine have decreased. Currently, cigarettes are classified as regular (>14.5 mg tar), light (>6.5-14.5 mg tar), and ultralight (< or =6.5 mg tar), based on a Federal Trade Commission-specified machine-smoking protocol. Epidemiologic studies suggest that there(More)
BACKGROUND The role of atrial-based pacing algorithms in preventing atrial fibrillation (AF) remains controversial. The inconsistent results noted in previous trials may be due in part to differences in endpoints, pacing algorithms, and study design. SAFARI, a worldwide, prospective, randomized clinical trial, was designed to address these issues and to(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D) devices are now capable of monitoring changes in intrathoracic impedance. Intrathoracic impedance monitoring resulting in a fluid index threshold crossing has been proven to predict heart failure (HF) exacerbations. We retrospectively investigated the relationship between changes in(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduces morbidity and mortality in appropriately selected patients with heart failure. Optimal left ventricular (LV) lead placement is useful in enhancing response from CRT. Three significant obstacles to LV lead placement are patient-specific variations in coronary venous anatomy, phrenic nerve(More)
AIMS Unwanted phrenic nerve stimulation (PNS) has been reported in ∼1 in 4 patients undergoing left ventricular (LV) pacing. The occurrence of PNS over mid-term follow-up and the significance of PNS are less certain. METHODS AND RESULTS Data from 1307 patients enrolled in pre-market studies of LV leads manufactured by Medtronic (models 4193 and 4195(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the variables underlying small business owners' behavioural intentions toward workplace health and safety. This project explores the relationship between three mediating variables (Attitude Toward Safety, Subjective Norm and Perceived Behavioural Control) and owners' Intentions Toward Safety, following the Theory of Planned(More)
BACKGROUND The Medtronic Attain Performa quadripolar leads provide 16 pacing vectors with steroid on every electrode. This includes a short bipolar configuration between the middle 2 electrodes. OBJECTIVE A prospective clinical study was conducted to investigate the safety and effectiveness of these new leads in 27 countries. METHODS Cardiac(More)