Shelagh Tyrrell

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Mature sympathetic neurons contain one or more neuropeptides in addition to a classical neurotransmitter. We compared the development of two peptides, neuropeptide Y (NPY) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), in rat superior cervical (SCG) and stellate ganglia. NPY immunoreactivity (-IR) was first detected at embryonic day (E) 12.5. It was of similar(More)
We examined the effects of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) and depolarization, two environmental signals that influence noradrenergic and cholinergic function, on neuropeptide expression by cultured sympathetic neurons. Sciatic nerve extract, a rich source of CNTF, increased levels of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), substance P, and somatostatin(More)
We have examined the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase and neuropeptide Y in ciliary ganglia of normal adult rats and of adult rats in which the environment of these neurons was altered by sympathectomy at birth. Following neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine treatment, the proportion of tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive and neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive neurons(More)
We compared the development of enkephalin (Enk) expression in normal rats and rats in which target contact was transiently disrupted with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). During the first 3 postnatal weeks, there was a striking increase in Enk immunoreactivity (-IR) in superior cervical ganglia (SCG) assayed by radioimmunoassay (RIA). This increase was(More)
EARLY one December, a friend telephoned me to say that she and her husband would be alone that year and they would like to entertain an "orphan child" for Christmas Day. Whom should she contact? How many of us are still in the Dickensian era where the "haves" throw buns to the grateful "have-nots"! Yet people like this have a great store of goodwill, which(More)