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BACKGROUND Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is a notorious infection and a major health problem in developing countries causing serious local damage and threatening complications. Early and effective treatment based on the knowledge of causative micro-organisms and their antimicrobial sensitivity ensures prompt clinical recovery and possible(More)
INTRODUCTION Typhoid fever is endemic in all parts of India and the Widal test is widely used for its diagnosis. In the endemic areas, the healthy people may contain antibodies which are capable of reacting upto a variable titre in the Widal test, due to a past exposure, TAB vaccination and cross reacting antigens. Therefore it varies widely from place to(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to assess the frequency of the phenotypic expression of the inducible resistance to clindamycin which was due to the expression of the erm genes in various clinical isolates of the Staphylococcus species. MATERIALS AND METHODS This was a cross sectional study conducted in the Dept. of Microbiology and Immunology, Veer(More)
BACKGROUND Post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL), an established sequela of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), is proposed to facilitate anthroponotic transmission of VL, especially during interepidemic periods. Immunopathological mechanisms responsible for Indian PKDL are still poorly defined. METHODS Our study attempted to characterize the immune(More)
BACKGROUND Candida species are one of the most common causes of blood stream infections among neonates and account for 9-13% of such infections. Although Candida albicans remains the most common fungal isolate from neonatal candidemia, longitudinal studies have detected a shift towards non-albicans Candida (NAC) species. AIM To examine the prevalence and(More)
INTRODUCTION Surgical site infections (SSI) constitute a major public health problem worldwide and are the second most frequently reported nosocomial infections. They are responsible for increasing the treatment cost, length of hospital stay and significant morbidity and mortality. AIM To determine the incidence of SSIs and the prevalence of aerobic(More)
BACKGROUND Global burden of hospital-associated infection (HAI) is on the rise and contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality of the patients. Mobile phones are indispensible part of communication among doctors and other health care workers (HCWs) in hospitals. Hands of HCWs play an important role in transmission of HAI and mobile phones which are(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is among the most important pathogen because of both the diversity and the severity of infections it causes. Methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) was fi rst described in 1961[1] and since then has become a signifi cant pathogen in nosocomial infections. Although historically considered as typical nosocomial pathogen, MRSA has rapidly(More)
Onychomycosis is a chronic fungal infection of the nails that is largely underdiagnosed in developing countries such as India due to poor health care facilities. In this study, we evaluated the nails of 134 patients with a clinical suspicion of onychomycosis using direct microscopy and fungal culture techniques. The majority of participants (47.8%) were(More)
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