Shekhar C. Mande

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Cellular functions are determined by interactions among proteins in the cells. Recognition of these interactions forms an important step in understanding biology at the systems level. Here, we report an interaction network of Escherichia coli, obtained by training a Support Vector Machine on the high quality of interactions in the EcoCyc database, and with(More)
The pathophysiological functions of proline-glutamic acid (PE)/proline-proline-glutamic acid (PPE) family of proteins of Mycobacterium tuberculosis are not well understood. In this study, we demonstrate that one of the PPE proteins, PPE18 can stimulate macrophages to secrete IL-10, known to favor a Th2 type response. The recombinant PPE18 was found to(More)
The chaperonins, GroEL and GroES, are present ubiquitously and provide a paradigm in the understanding of assisted protein folding. Due to its essentiality of function, GroEL exhibits high sequence conservation across species. Complete genome sequencing has shown the occurrence of duplicate or multiple copies of groEL genes in bacteria such as Mycobacterium(More)
Dimeric hemoglobin (VHb) from the bacterium Vitreoscilla sp. strain C1 displays 30 to 53% sequence identity with the heme-binding domain of flavohemoglobins (flavoHbs) and exhibits the presence of potential sites for the interaction with its FAD/NADH reductase partner. The intersubunit contact region of VHb indicates a small interface between two monomers(More)
Chaperonin-60s are large double ring oligomeric proteins with a central cavity where unfolded polypeptides undergo productive folding. In conjunction with their co-chaperonin, Chaperonin-60s bind non-native polypeptides and facilitate their refolding in an ATP-dependent manner. The ATPase activity of Chaperonin-60 is tightly regulated by the 10 kDa(More)
The crystal structure of recombinant human triosephosphate isomerase (hTIM) has been determined complexed with the transition-state analogue 2-phosphoglycolate at a resolution of 2.8 A. After refinement, the R-factor is 16.7% with good geometry. The asymmetric unit contains 1 complete dimer of 53,000 Da, with only 1 of the subunits binding the inhibitor.(More)
Human triosephosphate isomerase (hTIM), a dimeric enzyme, was altered by site-directed mutagenesis in order to determine whether it can be dissociated into monomers. Two hTIM mutants were produced, in which a glutamine residue was substituted for either Met14 or Arg98, both of which are interface residuces. These substitutions strongly interfere with TIM(More)
The possible role of the central beta-domain (residues 151-287) of streptokinase (SK) was probed by site-specifically altering two charged residues at a time to alanines in a region (residues 230-290) previously identified by Peptide Walking to play a key role in plasminogen (PG) activation. These mutants were then screened for altered ability to activate(More)
Chaperonin 60s are a ubiquitous class of proteins that promote folding and assembly of other cellular polypeptides in an ATP-dependent manner. The oligomeric state of chaperonin 60s has been shown to be crucial to their role as molecular chaperones. Chaperonin 60s are also known to be important stimulators of the immune system. Mycobacterium tuberculosis(More)
Staphylokinsae (SAK) forms a bimolecular complex with human plasmin(ogen) and changes its substrate specificity by exposing new exosites that enhances accession of substrate plasminogen (PG) to the plasmin (Pm) active site. Protein modelling studies indicated the crucial role of a loop in SAK (SAK 90-loop; Thr(90)-Glu(100)) for the docking of the substrate(More)