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PURPOSE We compare the ability of several prostate specific antigen (PSA) parameters, including PSA density of the whole prostate and of the transition zone, percent free PSA and PSA velocity, to enhance the specificity for prostate cancer detection and to reduce unnecessary biopsies in men with serum PSA levels of 4 to 10.0 ng./ml. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES Radiofrequency (RF) energy has recently been employed to destroy human tissue in vivo. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety of this approach in localized carcinoma of the prostate (CaP) and specifically, the predictability of lesions obtained with radiofrequency interstitial tumor ablation (RITA). METHODS Using RITA, a total(More)
PURPOSE In low capacity noncompliant fibrotic bladders, as seen in patients with myelomeningocele, elevated storage pressures ultimately can lead to renal damage. Earlier studies have described an increased deposition of extracellular matrix protein, especially type III collagen, in the detrusor muscle. We analyzed elastin gene expression and quantified(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and feasibility of radiofrequency interstitial tumor ablation (RITA) in localized prostate cancer (PCa) and to assess the predictability of the lesions obtained. In 10 patients with localized PCa (mean age 70.4 years), a total of 21 marker lesions were induced under general (n = 3), spinal (n = 4), or(More)
OBJECTIVES The increased incidence of malignancy (ie, prostate cancer) in patients with end-stage renal failure is well known. However, little is known of the impact of hemodialysis and various membrane types on total and free prostate-specific antigen (PSA). We prospectively studied the impact of high- and low-flux dialysis membranes and kidney function on(More)
PURPOSE We determine the tolerability of high energy transurethral microwave thermotherapy with topical urethral anesthesia alone without supplementary systemic sedoanalgesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 45 patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia were randomized to high energy transurethral microwave thermotherapy using either topical(More)
PURPOSE We compare directly the efficacy and safety of targeted high energy transurethral microwave thermotherapy with alpha-blocker treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS In this randomized prospective study 52 patients with symptomatic BPH received terazosin and 51 underwent high energy transurethral microwave therapy(More)
PURPOSE We evaluate the efficacy and safety of a novel intraurethral prostatic bridge catheter in preventing temporary prostatic obstruction following targeted high energy transurethral microwave thermotherapy in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 54 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia underwent high energy(More)
OBJECTIVES Improved long-term results with respect to symptoms, voiding function, and quality of life (QOL) in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are achieved with targeted high-energy transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT) compared with alpha-blocker treatment alone. However, maximal improvement(More)