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We estimated the prevalence of recurrent leg pains, often described as "growing pains" in children 4 to 6 years of age in South Australia. We used a survey of the parents of children 4 to 6 years of age, using a validated questionnaire previously developed for this purpose. The sample was systematic and randomized across rural and urban regions, with a(More)
Equinus is characterized by reduced dorsiflexion of the ankle joint, but there is a lack of consensus regarding criteria for definition and diagnosis. This review examines the literature relating to the definition, assessment, diagnosis, prevalence, and complications of equinus. Articles on equinus and assessment of ankle joint range of motion were(More)
Repeatable measures are essential for clinicians and researchers alike. Both need baseline measures that are reliable, as intervention effects cannot be accurately identified without consistent measures. The intrarater and interrater reliability of the new Foot Posture Index and current podiatric measures of foot position were assessed using a same-subject,(More)
The Foot Posture Index is a new multidimensional and multiplanar tool aimed at quantifying the degree of pronation to supination of the foot, comprising eight criteria that sum to produce a final "score" of foot posture. In an initial study involving 31 subjects, angulations measured from dorsoplantar and lateral radiographs were compared with the(More)
Spina bifida occulta of the sacrum is the most common type of spinal deformity. Many authors have published data on the frequency of spina bifida occulta, with varying results. Some possible reasons for this variability could include the differing methods used to gather data and differing ways of classifying the condition. This study attempts to develop an(More)
The reflex responses of the soleus motor units to Achilles tendon taps were investigated. Two different techniques were used to analyse the motor unit data. The first approach was the classical technique which involved building peristimulus time histograms (PSTH) from the firing times of single motor units. The second approach was a relatively unused(More)
Burnout has been shown to be present in experienced physiotherapists and other health professionals, but the prevalence in recently graduated physiotherapists has not been established. This study used the Maslach Burnout Inventory to determine the prevalence of burnout in physiotherapists working in South Australia who had been qualified for less than five(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess between-day reliability of the latency and peak-to-peak amplitude of a technique to elicit the H-reflex and M response of the flexor carpi radialis (FCR) and the ratio of maximum H-reflex and M-response amplitude (Hmax/Mmax). DESIGN Test-retest reliability study. SETTING Electrophysiology laboratory at a university. PARTICIPANTS(More)
The H-reflex response in large and small single motor units in human deep anterior masseter was studied to investigate the distribution of muscle spindle afferents onto masseter motoneurons. We found that only the larger units displayed H-reflex responses. This indicates preferential distribution of muscle spindle input onto large motoneurons or a skewed(More)
The prevalence of headache and neck pain in farmers was determined by use of a questionnaire. Information about activities which increased the symptoms and about the treatments sought was also recorded. Results showed that 77.7% of farmers experienced neck pain and 79.2% experienced headache. Driving a tractor was the activity which was most frequently(More)