Sheila Schreiner

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Chromosomal translocations that fuse the mixed lineage leukemia gene (MLL) to a variety of unrelated partner genes are frequent in pediatric leukemias. The novel combination of genetic material leads to the production of active oncoproteins that depend on the contributions of both constituents. In a search for a common function amongst the diverse group of(More)
Acridone synthase (ACS) and chalcone synthase (CHS) catalyse the pivotal reactions in the formation of acridone alkaloids or flavonoids. While acridone alkaloids are confined almost exclusively to the Rutaceae, flavonoids occur abundantly in all seed-bearing plants. ACSs and CHSs had been cloned from Ruta graveolens and shown to be closely related(More)
The translocation t(11;19) is a recurrent feature of a subgroup of acute leukemias occurring in infants. This event fuses the genes MLL and ENL and creates the leukemogenic oncoprotein MLL-ENL. We studied the effect of retroviral MLL-ENL expression in primary mouse hematopoietic cells and show here that MLL-ENL requires the oncoprotein Myc to establish a(More)
Successful Ag activation of naive T helper cells requires at least two signals consisting of TCR and CD28 on the T cell interacting with MHC II and CD80/CD86, respectively, on APCs. Recent evidence demonstrates that a third signal consisting of proinflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by the innate immune response is important in(More)
The translocation t(11;19) is frequently found in acute leukemia in infants. This event truncates the proto-oncogene MLL and fuses the 5' end of MLL in frame with the ENL gene. ENL contributes a crucial protein-protein interaction domain to the resulting oncoprotein MLL-ENL. Here we show by yeast two-hybrid assays, GST-pull-down experiments and in a far(More)
Translocations affecting the chromosomal locus 11q23 are hallmarks of infant leukemias. These events disrupt the MLL gene (also ALL-1 or HRX) and fuse the MLL amino terminus in frame with a variety of unrelated proteins. The ENL gene on 19p13.1 is a recurrent fusion partner of MLL. Whereas potential functions have been suggested for isolated domains of(More)
Translocations of the chromosomal locus 11q23 that disrupt the MLL gene (alternatively ALL-1 or HRX) are frequently found in children's leukemias. These events fuse the MLL amino terminus in frame with a variety of unrelated proteins. Up to date, 16 different fusion partners have been characterized and more are likely to exist. No general unifying property(More)
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are rapidly induced after stresses, such as heat shock, and accumulate at high concentrations in cells. HSP induction involves a family of heat shock transcription factors that bind the heat shock elements of the HSP genes and mediate transcription in trans. We discuss methods for the study of HSP binding to HSP promoters and the(More)
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