Sheila S. Hemami

Learn More
Detection of visually salient image regions is useful for applications like object segmentation, adaptive compression, and object recognition. In this paper, we introduce a method for salient region detection that outputs full resolution saliency maps with well-defined boundaries of salient objects. These boundaries are preserved by retaining substantially(More)
This paper presents an efficient metric for quantifying the visual fidelity of natural images based on near-threshold and suprathreshold properties of human vision. The proposed metric, the visual signal-to-noise ratio (VSNR), operates via a two-stage approach. In the first stage, contrast thresholds for detection of distortions in the presence of natural(More)
Assumptions about image continuity lead to oversmoothed edges in common image interpolation algorithms. A wavelet-based interpolation method that imposes no continuity constraints is introduced. The algorithm estimates the regularity of edges by measuring the decay of wavelet transform coefficients across scales and preserves the underlying regularity by(More)
We introduce a new class of multiple description scalar quantizer (MDSQ), which will be referred to as the modified MDSQ (MMDSQ). The structure of MMDSQ is fundamentally different from the MDSQ proposed by Vaishampayan. Analysis shows that at high rates for sources with smooth pdfs, MMDSQ achieves the same performance as entropy-constrained MDSQ using a(More)
Transmission of still images and video over lossy packet networks presents a reconstruction problem at the decoder. Specifically, in the case of block-based transform coded images, loss of one or more packets due to network congestion or transmission errors can result in errant or entirely lost blocks in the decoded image. This article proposes a(More)
The multiple description (MD) problem has received considerable attention as a model of information transmission over unreliable channels. A general framework for designing efficient multiple description quantization schemes is proposed in this paper. We provide a systematic treatment of the El Gamal-Cover (EGC) achievable MD rate-distortion region, and(More)
Recently, image compression systems based on the tarp filter, a type of recursive filter, have attracted much attention in the image processing community. While providing very good performance when used in a non-embedded manner, the original tarp-filter-based algorithm performs less competitively when used in an embedded manner (in spite of its operation on(More)
Wireless transmission of compressed visual information presents new challenges in image coding and reconstruction techniques. Unlike the traditional error-free media for which current coding standards have been designed, wireless channels do not offer guaranteed transmission, and data loss over such channels can result in catastrophic errors in the decoded(More)
This paper reviews the basic background knowledge necessary to design effective noreference (NR) quality estimators (QEs) for images and video. We describe a three-stage framework for NR QE that encompasses the range of potential use scenarios for the NR QE and allows knowledge of the human visual system to be incorporated throughout. We survey the(More)
A psychophysical experiment is described that quantifies human sensitivities to suprathreshold distortions caused by wavelet coefficient quantization in natural images, and the resulting analysis is explained. The quantizer step sizes that cause the first three visible degradations relative to the original image are well predicted by exponential functions(More)