Sheila P Hoffman

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The neural cell adhesion molecule, N-CAM, is a cell surface glycoprotein found on embryonic and adult neurons and on a variety of ectodermal and mesodermal tissues in very early embryos. During development, it shows local variations in prevalence at the cell surface as well as conversion from an embryonic form (E form) with high sialic acid content to an(More)
The expression of the extracellular matrix molecules cytotactin, which is synthesized by glia, and cytotactin-binding (CTB) proteoglycan, which is synthesized by neurons, was examined in the developing brain of the mouse, specifically in the cortical barrel field, using highly specific polyclonal antibodies to the purified molecules. Both molecules appeared(More)
The development of the vertebrate neural crest presents a particularly challenging problem in pattern formation. Several studies have revealed that a population of neural crest cells penetrates the sclerotomal mesenchyme of the somite only in its rostral half. In a search for molecular correlates of this pattern, we have observed that cytotactin and a(More)
Previous studies in this laboratory have led to the identification of the neural cell adhesion molecule, N-CAM, a homophilic ligand that mediates adhesion between neurons as well as between neurons and striated muscle precursors. By means of a similar immunological approach but with different assays, we have now identified a cell adhesion molecule on(More)
A combination of cDNA sequencing of the complete coding region, protein comparisons, binding site mapping, and electron microscopic imaging has permitted the formulation of a structural model of cytotactin. Cytotactin is a large extracellular matrix glycoprotein that displays a restricted tissue distribution during development. Although there appears to be(More)
Evidence is accumulating that molecules involved in cell-cell and cell-substratum interactions are important in the establishment and maintenance of borders between cell groups during development. In this report, we review evidence supporting this conclusion, particularly in regard to the role of adhesion molecules in the formation of cell collectives and(More)
The neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM) exists in two major forms [ld (large cytoplasmic domain) peptide and sd (small cytoplasmic domain) peptide] that contain transmembrane segments and different cytoplasmic domains and in a third form [ssd (small surface domain) peptide] that lacks transmembrane and cytoplasmic regions. All forms have the same(More)
An extracellular matrix protein, cytotactin, with widespread tissue distribution has been identified, isolated, and partially characterized. Cytotactin mediates glia-neuron adhesion in vitro, but unlike Ng-CAM, the neuron-glia cell-adhesion molecule, it is absent from neurons. Cytotactin was isolated from 14-day embryonic chicken brains as structurally(More)
We have previously identified and purified a cell surface glycoprotein from retina and brain, called neural cell adhesion molecule or N-CAM, that appears to be involved in neural cell--cell adhesion, the fasciculation of neurites, and the formation of normal tissue patterns in the retina. The present studies reveal that artificial vesicles containing lipid(More)
Cytotactin is an extracellular matrix protein that is found in a restricted distribution and is related to developmental patterning at a number of neural and non-neural sites. It has been shown to bind specifically to other extracellular matrix components including a chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (cytotactin-binding [CTB] proteoglycan) and fibronectin.(More)