Sheila M. Gephart

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Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common cause of gastrointestinal-related morbidity and mortality in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Its onset is sudden and the smallest, most premature infants are the most vulnerable. Necrotizing enterocolitis is a costly disease, accounting for nearly 20% of NICU costs annually. Necrotizing(More)
PURPOSE To better understand the environmental constraints on nurse managers that impact their need for and use of decision support tools, we conducted a Cognitive Work Analysis (CWA). A complete CWA includes system analyses at five levels: work domain, decision-making procedures, decision-making strategies, social organization/collaboration, and worker(More)
Communication problems have been implicated in many safety and quality issues, but tools to examine communication networks and their impact on patient outcomes are only beginning to become available. We used *ORA, an organizational risk analyzer that allows the dynamic analysis of organizational networks to explore the communication networks among staff on(More)
OBJECTIVE Better measures are needed to identify infants at risk for developing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and facilitate communication about risk across transitions. Although NEC is multi-factorial, quantification of composite risk for NEC in an individual infant is not clearly defined. The objective of this study was to describe the derivation,(More)
In response to unprecedented financial government incentives, electronic health record (EHR) adoption has tripled since 2009. While EHR benefits are emphasized, research demonstrates that adoption may result in unintended consequences that nurse administrators can anticipate and mitigate. Unintended consequences are defined as unplanned effects, whether(More)
Failure to rescue (FTR) has been described as the end result of a series of events relating to the environment of care and nursing quality. Only recently has FTR as a process measure been applied to perinatal care settings. Nurses' continuous presence at the bedside puts them in a privileged position to recognize signs of clinical deterioration and to take(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish preferred strategies for presenting drug-drug interaction (DDI) clinical decision support alerts. MATERIALS AND METHODS A DDI Clinical Decision Support Conference Series included a workgroup consisting of 24 clinical, usability, and informatics experts representing academia, health information technology (IT) vendors, healthcare(More)
It is well known that the immune response is blunted and underdeveloped in the premature infant, but human milk supports the infant's growth, function, and effectiveness. Thus, own mother's colostrum (OMC) administered oropharyngeally has potential to deliver oral immune therapy (C-OIT) even before enteral feedings have begun. Colostrum interacts with(More)
PURPOSE We used ORA, a dynamic network analysis tool, to identify patient care unit communication patterns associated with patient safety and quality outcomes. Although ORA had previously had limited use in healthcare, we felt it could effectively model communication on patient care units. METHODS Using a survey methodology, we collected communication(More)