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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In the Western world, the Bobath Concept or neurodevelopmental treatment is the most popular treatment approach used in stroke rehabilitation, yet the superiority of the Bobath Concept as the optimal type of treatment has not been established. This systematic review of randomized, controlled trials aimed to evaluate the available(More)
PURPOSE This paper presents the evaluation of the following psychometric properties of the Modified Rivermead Mobility Index (MRMI): face/content validity, responsiveness, test-retest reliability, inter-rater reliability and internal consistency. This mobility scale represents a further development of the Rivermead Mobility Index (RMI). In its new form the(More)
OBJECTIVE This survey aimed to provide an expert consensus view of the theoretical beliefs underlying physiotherapy practice in stroke rehabilitation the United Kingdom. METHOD Questionnaires (with sections related to: therapist background, physiotherapy management, theoretical beliefs and gait re-education strategies used) were posted to all senior level(More)
PURPOSE The Bobath concept is one of the most widely used approaches in stroke rehabilitation within Europe. This survey aimed to provide an expert consensus view of the theoretical beliefs underlying current Bobath practise in the UK. METHOD Questionnaires (with sections related to: therapist background, physiotherapy management, theoretical beliefs and(More)
PURPOSE To assess the utility of virtual reality (VR) in stroke rehabilitation. METHOD The Medline, Proquest, AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE and PsychInfo databases were electronically searched from inception/1980 to February 2005, using the keywords: Virtual reality, rehabilitation, stroke, physiotherapy/physical therapy and hemiplegia. Articles that met the(More)
PURPOSE The Bobath concept, usually known as neuro-developmental treatment (NDT) in America, is one of the major approaches used to rehabilitate patients following stroke; however since the last publication of Bobath (1990), the concept has been taught via an oral tradition on postgraduate courses. This study therefore aimed to explore with experienced(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This case report describes the use of gait re-education based on the Bobath concept to measure the changes that occurred in the gait of 2 patients with hemiplegia who were undergoing outpatient physical therapy. CASE DESCRIPTION One patient ("NM"), a 65-year-old woman, was referred for physical therapy 6 weeks following a right(More)
Our group has developed a relatively low-cost virtual reality (VR) system for rehabilitation of the upper limb following stroke. Our system is immersive in that the participant views a representation of their arm and hand, reaching and retrieving objects in the virtual environment (VE), through a head-mounted display (HMD). This is thought to increase the(More)
BACKGROUND The National Clinical Guidelines for Stroke (NCGS) were produced and three rounds of the National Sentinel Audit of Stroke conducted to improve the quality of stroke care in the UK. OBJECTIVE To compare the results of the occupational therapy and physiotherapy elements of the most recent national sentinel audit with the occupational therapy-(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to characterize the gait cycle of patients with hemiplegia before and after a period of outpatient physiotherapy based on the Bobath concept. METHODS Nine patients, at least 6 weeks post stroke and recently discharged from a stroke unit, were measured before and after a period of outpatient physiotherapy (mean(More)