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After acute infestation with the Chagas disease parasite, Trypanosoma cruzi, some patients who are serologically positive develop chronic megacolon and megaesophagus, whereas others are symptom-free. Chagas disease with gastrointestinal involvement involves an inflammatory invasion of the enteric plexuses and degeneration of enteric neurons. It is known(More)
We have previously shown that a low-stringency single-specific primer-polymerase chain reaction (LSSP- PCR) is a highly sensitive and reproducible technique for the genetic profiling of Trypanosoma cruzi parasites directly in tissues from infected animals and humans. By applying LSSP-PCR to the study of the variable region of kinetoplast minicircle from T.(More)
Two functionally distinct antibodies, categorized as conventional serology antibodies (CSA) and lytic antibodies (LA) have been described in Chagas' disease, based on their ability to bind to fixed epimastigotes (EPI) or live trypomastigotes (TRYPO), respectively. In this study, the profile of immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclasses of CSA and LA were analyzed by(More)
This study was made with the objective of reevaluating the colon denervation in chronic Chagas' disease. The diameters of neuron perikaryons of the myenteric plexus were measured on paraffin sections in a ring from the sigmoid in Chagas' disease patients, 17 with and 10 without megacolon and in 10 non-chagasic controls. All neurons were counted in ten(More)
The mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of chagasic megacolon are not completely characterized. Although autoimmunity may play a role in the pathogenesis of Chagas' disease, recent studies suggest a positive association of tissue parasitism, inflammation, and severity of lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of inflammatory cells and(More)
The role of reinfection in the evolution of Chagas' disease was evaluated in dogs alternately infected with the 147 and SC-1 strains of Trypanosoma cruzi. A parasitologic, serologic, clinical, and electrocardiographic follow-up was carried out on the infected and noninfected dogs. The dogs were reinfected five times over a period of 38 months. No deaths(More)
CONTEXT Vaginitis is one of the principal motives that lead women to seek out an obstetrician or gynecologist. Bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis and trichomoniasis are responsible for 90% of the cases of infectious vaginitis. OBJECTIVE To verify the frequency of the three main causative agents of vaginitis, Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida sp and Gardnerella(More)
CONTEXT Endemic pemphigus foliaceus, or fogo selvagem, is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by the formation of intraepidermal blisters that reduce adhesion between keratinocytes. Endemic pemphigus foliaceus is associated with the presence of autoantibodies and high levels of cytokines involved in the inflammatory response. OBJECTIVES To evaluate(More)