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Complementary DNA clones representing transcripts selectively expressed in the non-dividing, infective (metacyclic) stage of Leishmania major promastigotes (MP) were identified by differential and subtractive screening. The majority of the selected clones hybridized on Northern blots to a set of transcripts highly expressed by MP, but to a much lower extent(More)
Resistance to complement-mediated lysis in Trypanosoma cruzi is due to the expression of complement-regulatory factors by the virulent developmental forms of this protozoan parasite. An 87- to 93-kDa molecule, which we have termed T-DAF (trypomastigote decay-accelerating factor), is present on the surface of the parasite and inhibits complement activation(More)
This study describes the characterisation of externally oriented surface peptides of both morphological forms of Leishmania donovani, the causative agent of visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar). Using 125I surface labelling techniques and peptide extraction in the detergents Triton X-100 and Triton X-114, a major iodinable promastigote peptide at 63 kDa or 65(More)
Transgenic Sprague-Dawley rats expressing either human transforming growth factor-alpha (TGFalpha) or simian virus 40 large and small T antigen (TAg), each under the control of the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) promoter, were developed as an approach to the study of the promotion of hepatocarcinogenesis in the presence of a transgene regulatable(More)
Salmon calcitonin was administered intraperitoneally (0.1, 10, 1000 ng/100 g of fish) to freshwater-adapted, immature, female brown trout, Salmo trutta, and changes in serum calcium levels were determined. The lowest dose (0.1 ng) had an effect similar to injection of saline (control), but the higher doses produced hypercalcemia. These latter effects were(More)
Eight methods were evaluated for assessment of the likely soil S-supply to a crop and in particular to identify likely deficiencies in this supply. Of the methods, only sulphate production from incubated soil amended both with a S-containing amino acid and elemental S correlated with field response of grass yield to S-fertilizer applications. Tissue(More)
Stable resistance to the anthelmintic hycanthone can be produced in the human blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni by exposing immature parasites in mice to the drug. Within a single generation, genomic rearrangements, detected as rRNA-encoding DNA restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs), accompany the appearance of resistance in this model. One of(More)