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Teachers in four schools for normal children aged between five and eight years took part in a two-year investigation of developmental clumsiness. After a year's preliminary discussion they identified 20 children from a total of 400 who met the following criteria: (1) had poor motor co-ordination for their age and (b) whose poor motor co-ordination was(More)
BACKGROUND The aims of this study were to measure objectively the extent and severity of motor impairment in children with Asperger's syndrome and to determine whether the motor difficulties experienced by such children differed in any way from those classified as having a Specific Developmental Disorder of Motor Function (SDD-MF). Criteria derived from ICD(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were 1) to determine the incidence of minor neurological dysfunction and perceptual-motor difficulties in children aged 5-1/2 -- 6-1/2, who had been born full-term but presented with neonatal encephalopathy (NE) and low Apgar scores and 2) to examine the relationships between the presence/absence of these difficulties with(More)
We consider three issues concerning unexpected difficulty in the acquisition of motor skills: terminology, diagnosis, and intervention. Our preference for the label Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) receives justification. Problems in diagnosis are discussed, especially in relation to the aetiology-dominated medical model. The high degree of overlap(More)
Three studies concerning the inter-rater and test-retest reliability of the Touwen examination are presented. The results of the first study showed that it was not possible to achieve acceptable levels of reliability using the manual as the only reference for instruction. Although the reliability estimates of the total scores were good, inter-rater(More)
The relationship between visual and perceptual-motor abilities at 6 years of age was investigated in a cohort of 141 prematurely born children without cerebral palsy. Visual acuity was assessed using the Sonksen-Silver Acuity System and stereopsis with the Titmus stereo test. Perceptual motor abilities were evaluated using the Movement Assessment Battery(More)
The question of whether problems of motor co-ordination in early childhood recede with age has rarely been addressed. This paper reports the findings from a follow-up study of 17 children, identified by their teachers as having poor motor co-ordination at age six. Now age 16, these children and their matched controls completed a battery of assessments. The(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether perceptual-motor competence in school-age children with Down syndrome was generally delayed or varied as a function of type of action. Twenty-two children with Down syndrome (13 males, 9 females), aged between 4.5 and 14 years were assessed on two standardized tests, the Movement Assessment Battery for Children(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate whether children with merosin-positive or merosin-deficient congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) show any cognitive impairment and whether this is related to brain abnormalities on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Twenty-two patients (age range: 5.8-15.3 years) were assessed by the Wechsler Intelligence Scales. Twelve(More)
Diffuse white matter changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been a consistent feature in some children with the "pure" form of congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) in which there are no structural changes in the brain or severe mental retardation. The aim of this study was to assess fine motor and perceptuo-motor abilities in children with CMD with(More)