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A number of closed-loop postulations to explain motor skills learning and performance phenomena have appeared recently, but each of these views suffers from either (a) logical problems in explaining the phenomena or (b) predictions that are not supported by the empirical evidence. After these difficulties are discussed, a new theory for discrete motor(More)
Teachers in four schools for normal children aged between five and eight years took part in a two-year investigation of developmental clumsiness. After a year's preliminary discussion they identified 20 children from a total of 400 who met the following criteria: (1) had poor motor co-ordination for their age and (b) whose poor motor co-ordination was(More)
BACKGROUND The aims of this study were to measure objectively the extent and severity of motor impairment in children with Asperger's syndrome and to determine whether the motor difficulties experienced by such children differed in any way from those classified as having a Specific Developmental Disorder of Motor Function (SDD-MF). Criteria derived from ICD(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were 1) to determine the incidence of minor neurological dysfunction and perceptual-motor difficulties in children aged 5-1/2 -- 6-1/2, who had been born full-term but presented with neonatal encephalopathy (NE) and low Apgar scores and 2) to examine the relationships between the presence/absence of these difficulties with(More)
The relationship between visual and perceptual-motor abilities at 6 years of age was investigated in a cohort of 141 prematurely born children without cerebral palsy. Visual acuity was assessed using the Sonksen-Silver Acuity System and stereopsis with the Titmus stereo test. Perceptual motor abilities were evaluated using the Movement Assessment Battery(More)
We consider three issues concerning unexpected difficulty in the acquisition of motor skills: terminology, diagnosis, and intervention. Our preference for the label Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) receives justification. Problems in diagnosis are discussed, especially in relation to the aetiology-dominated medical model. The high degree of overlap(More)
Three studies concerning the inter-rater and test-retest reliability of the Touwen examination are presented. The results of the first study showed that it was not possible to achieve acceptable levels of reliability using the manual as the only reference for instruction. Although the reliability estimates of the total scores were good, inter-rater(More)
5. The Consultation process 13 6. Findings from consultation 13 6.1 Substantive areas and research issues 13 6.2 Implications of using a particular unit of analysis for such a study? 15 6.3 Scale: size and duration 16 6.4 Structure and organisation 17 6.5 Funding 19 6.6 Applications of QL research for policy and practice 20 7. Research issues arising in the(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether perceptual-motor competence in school-age children with Down syndrome was generally delayed or varied as a function of type of action. Twenty-two children with Down syndrome (13 males, 9 females), aged between 4.5 and 14 years were assessed on two standardized tests, the Movement Assessment Battery for Children(More)
The question of whether problems of motor co-ordination in early childhood recede with age has rarely been addressed. This paper reports the findings from a follow-up study of 17 children, identified by their teachers as having poor motor co-ordination at age six. Now age 16, these children and their matched controls completed a battery of assessments. The(More)