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BACKGROUND This article examines the relationship at the community level between individual dietary practice and the grocery store environment. METHODS Individual dietary practice was measured in 12 communities using a telephone survey to obtain self-reported diet. A protocol was developed to measure two aspects of the grocery store environment in these(More)
An intrinsic-extrinsic model of motivation for smoking cessation was evaluated with 2 samples (ns = 1.217 and 151) of smokers who requested self-help materials for smoking cessation. Exploratory and confirmatory principal components analysis on a 36-item Reasons for Quitting (RFQ) scale supported the intrinsic-extrinsic motivation distinction. A 4-factor(More)
Treatment of the paraphilic disorders using behavioral, cognitive, pharmacological, and social interventions has been shown to have limited success with poorly motivated or noncompliant patients. Researchers have speculated on the role of the serotonergic system in the paraphilic disorders. Recent anecdotal studies have reported successful results with the(More)
The purpose of this study was to describe race- and ethnicity-specific characteristics of subjects lost to follow-up. For a study of community-based health interventions, adult subjects from 11 US communities were initially recruited by random digit dialing and interviewed by telephone in 1988; 2 years later, they were recontacted, and the same survey was(More)
OBJECTIVES Assess impact of community health workers (CHWs) on healthcare utilization of African-American Medicaid patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) with/without hypertension (HTN). DESIGN Maryland Medicaid claim files were analyzed to compare utilization of emergency rooms, hospitalization, and costs in a population managed by CHWs (N=117). (More)
A seven-item Drinking Restraint Scale (DRS) has been developed which indicates that a style of alcohol consumption, equivalent in a number of ways to the style of food consumption termed eating restraint, may exist. Several hypothesized relationships between DRS scores and other drinking-related measures were confirmed. A restrained drinking style was(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the rates among of recidivism or re-offense among convicted child molesters who offend against biological children, stepchildren, and relationships where the child is an extended family member, acquaintance or stranger to the victim. METHOD Four hundred male subjects 18 years of age or older and at least 5 years older than the victim(More)
Factors associated with recidivism in 86 men convicted of rape were studied. These men had been out of prison for up to 12 years (mean, 7.6 years). The majority of the men had been assessed in a sexual behaviors clinic of a general psychiatric hospital at the time of their conviction. Almost 50 percent of the group had committed some offense by the fifth(More)
One hundred ninety-two convicted extrafamilial child molesters were followed for an average of 7.8 years after their conviction. The percentage of men who had committed a sexual, a violent, or any criminal offense by the 12th year was 15.1, 20.3, and 41.6, respectively. The sexual recidivists, compared with the nonrecidivists; demonstrated more problems(More)