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— In this paper, we study the denial-of-service (DoS) attack on secondary users in a cognitive radio network by primary user emulation (PUE). Most approaches in the literature on primary user emulation attacks (PUEA) discuss mechanisms to deal with the attacks but not analytical models. Simulation studies and results from test beds have been presented but(More)
—Medical professionals need a reliable prediction methodology to diagnose cancer and distinguish between the different stages in cancer. Classification is a data mining function that assigns items in a collection to target groups or classes. C4.5 classification algorithm has been applied to SEER breast cancer dataset to classify patients into either "(More)
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is the digital multicarrier modulation scheme for high speed communication systems. One of the major problems in OFDM is the occurrence of high Peak to Average Power Ratio (PAPR). Due to high PAPR the signal leads to out-of-band (OBO) distortion and increase in Bit Error Rate (BER). The reduction in PAPR is(More)
This paper presents Direction based Hazard Routing Protocol (DHRP) for disseminating information about fixed road hazards such as road blocks, tree fall, boulders on road, snow pile up, landslide, road maintenance work and other obstacles to the vehicles approaching the hazardous location. The proposed work focuses on dissemination of hazard messages on(More)