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Efficient methods for DTMF signal detection are important for developing telecommunication equipment. This paper presents a hybrid signal processing and artificial intelligence based approach for the detection of Dual-tone Multifrequency (DTMF) tones under the influence of White Gaussian Noise (WGN) and frequency variation. Key innovations include the use(More)
The fuzzy rule sets, which have been derived from the hybrid neural network model, called the O-EGART-PR-FIS, is an integration of the Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART) into Generalized Regression Neural Network (GRNN), display substantial redundancy and low interpretability that leads to time-consuming prediction process. The O-EGART-PR-FIS approach can(More)
In this paper, various aspects of smart grids are described. These aspects include the components of smart grids, the detailed functions of the smart energy meters within the smart grids and their effects on increasing the awareness, the advantages and disadvantages of smart grids, and the requirements of utilizing smart grids. To put some light on the(More)
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